San Francisco is a city in the province of California, in the United States, most notable for its well known Golden Gate Bridge, steep lanes, trolleys, and for the previous island jail Alcatraz. San Francisco incorporates a territory of roughly 46.9 square miles verging on California's west coast. The district was possessed by the Ohlone individuals when the main European investigation party showed up in November 1769, drove by the Spanish traveler Don Gaspar de Portola. In 1776 the Spanish set up a strategic. In 1821 Mexico assumed control over the region. Toward the finish of the Mexican-American War San Francisco turned out to be a piece of the United States. The California Gold Rush prompted an emotional increment in populace, and it has kept on developing regardless of the overwhelming 1906 tremor that nearly cleared the city out.

The Chinese fortune cookie was invented by a Japanese resident of San Francisco.

Early human archaeological evidence in the San Francisco area dates back to 3000 BC.

San Francisco was part of Mexico until the Mexican-American War in 1848.

San Francisco was originally named Yerba Buena. Yerba Buena is the name of a plant found in the area.

During the Depression, not a single San Francisco-based bank failed.

San Francisco got its name in 1847, after having been claimed by Captain John Montgomery in July, 1846.

The city constructed the Oakland Bay Bridge and the Golden Gate Bridge during the Depression.

The California Gold Rush brought many people to San Francisco's region in the mid-1800s.

When Al Capone was held at Alcatraz, he gave regular Sunday concerts with the inmate band, the Rock Islanders. He played the banjo.

By 1849 the population of San Francisco, thanks to the gold rush, had increased from only 1,000 in 1848 to more than 25,000 people.

In 1901, the city outlawed burials. Most of its cemeteries are in Colma, Calif. There, the dead outnumber the living by over 1000 to 1.

In its early years San Francisco was wild and fairly lawless due to the gold rush.

Mark Twain never uttered the quote, “The coldest winter I ever spent was a summer in San Francisco.”

Golden Gate Park was planned in 1887, with roughly 1000 acres of land.

The neighborhoods of Marina, Mission Bay, and Hunters Point are all built atop a landfill.

In 1906 the San Andreas Fault caused a devastating earthquake that killed approximately 3000 people in San Francisco. More than 25,000 buildings were destroyed and a quarter million people lost their homes. Fires raged for four days. San Francisco began to rebuild immediately.

The first bubonic plague epidemic in the continental US broke out in San Francisco’s Chinatown in 1900.

It soon became a financial capital and when the stock market crashed in 1929 none of San Francisco's banks failed.

The United Nations Charter was drafted and ratified in San Francisco in 1945.

The Golden Gate Bridge and the San Francisco Bridge were built in the 1930s.

The Beatles gave their last full concert at Candlestick Park on August 29, 1966.

Another major earthquake hit San Francisco in 1989, killing 67 people and damaging buildings and infrastructure.

In 1951, the Treaty of San Francisco officially ended Japanese hostilities from World War II.

In the 1990s San Francisco became an internet technology center, which resulted in major increases in property values.

In September 1859, San Francisco’s favorite eccentric resident, Joshua Abraham Norton, declared himself America’s emperor.

San Francisco is well-known for its streets with very steep hills. Filbert St. has the steepest of all of San Francisco's streets at 31.5 degrees.

In 1867, San Francisco instituted America’s first “ugly law,” which prohibited unsightly people from showing their faces in public.

There are several neighborhoods in San Francisco built on landfills including Hunter's Point, Marina, and Mission Bay.

The city’s cable cars are the only National Historical Monument that can move.

A law passed in 1867 in San Francisco made it illegal for people considered to be 'ugly' to show their faces in public. This law has since been repealed (struck down).

The Liberty Bell once vacationed in San Francisco! When San Francisco hosted the Panama-Pacific International Exposition in 1915, America’s most famous bell made a national train tour to be part of the fun. After the exposition ended, it returned to Philadelphia, where it’s stayed ever since.

San Francisco's cable cars are considered to be a National Historical Monument. They are the only monument capable of moving.

Levi Strauss invented denim jeans in San Francisco for the Gold Rush miners who needed durable yet comfortable clothing.

The United States’ first Chinese immigrants came to San Francisco in 1848.

Alcatraz and Treasure Island are both considered to be part of San Francisco.

Redwood trees helped salvage the city from the 1906 fire.

San Francisco's tallest building is the Transamerica Pyramid.

The climate in San Francisco is a Mediterranean climate, with dry summers and mild but moist winters.

San Francisco is a popular tourist destination, and one in seven people in the city work in tourism.

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