Bingo Fun Facts

Bingo, or B-I-N-G-O is a game in which players are handed a Bingo card with numbers. As the Bingo caller draws numbers and calls them out, each player marks their card. When a player gets a full row they call out BINGO. There are a variety of ways to play and a variety of mediums used for cards, marking numbers, and prizes can include merchandise, cash, or any other item that players wish to compete for. There are Bingo halls that regularly host Bingo games, which can become a regular activity for people. To win at Bingo, most games require a single line, however these rules can be changed to include only one number or the player may need to cover their entire card to win.

According to one calculation, there are actually 552,446,474,061,128,648,601,600,000 possible number arrangements in one bingo card.

Germans were the first to use Bingo cards in the 1800s as a type of educational tool to learn multiplication.

US bingo cards have 5×5 squares while UK bingo cards have 3 rows and 9 columns.

Carl Leffler was a mathematics professor who invented at least 6,000 Bingo card combination cards and is rumored to have gone insane afterwards.

Number combinations in US bingo cards are only between 1 and 75 while bingo cards used in UK have number combinations ranging from 1 to 90.

In the U.K., Bingo cards are referred to as 'Housie'.

The fist bingo game was believed to happen in Italy as early as 1530 called “Lo Giuoco del Lotto D’Italia,” which is still being played until today.

The Bingo cards used in the United States differ from those used in the U.K. American Bingo cards 5x5 squares. A U.K. Bingo card has 3 rows with 9 columns. American Bingo cards include numbers between 1 and 75. U.K. Bingo cards use numbers from 1 to 90.

Christine Bradfield, a grandmother from Bargoed in Caerphilly county is believed to be the largest bingo prize winner for winning more than £ 1.1M at The Castle Club in Merthyr Tydfil.

It is estimated that each week American Bingo players spend more than $90 million on their cards.

The largest recorded winning in online bingo is a whooping £430,900!

A Bingo player is considered to be ready/waiting/cased/set/down/ or chance if they only need one more number to win.

In a standard bingo card, a player can come up with 1,474,200 different winning combinations.

A person who calls BINGO before truly having won is referred to as 'jumping the gun'.

The bingo game was originally called “beano” but was later changed to “bingo” when an excited woman accidentally yelled the word after winning the jackpot.

If someone calls BING by accident this is referred to as a bongo, social error, or false alarm.

According to resources, 96% of regular bingo players have won the jackpot prize at least once.

If a person wins a line in Bingo without using the free space this is referred to as a hard way Bingo.

Statistics show that about 80% of bingo players are women while the remaining 20% constitutes the men population.

Online Bingo is also popular. The first online Bingo game was released in 1996 and called Bingo Zone.

Winning the jackpot ranks fifth in the reasons why players join bingo games. It turned out that the top priority of bingo players is to find enjoyment.

People play Bingo more because they enjoy the game than they do to win. A poll found that winning was only 5th in importance for those who play Bingo regularly.

The bingo game has shown significant effects in improving a person’s cognitive abilities and has efficiently alleviated stress.

Bingo has been shown to keep a person's brain in shape. Bingo players are more agile mentally than those who do not play.

Bingo game is played by people of all ages. However, a wide spectrum of bingo players belongs to ages 35 and below.

Bingo is believed to have originated in Italy in 1530, when it was played as a Saturday lottery. It was referred to as "Il Giuoco del Lotto d'Italia".

The Bingo game was first called “beano” because bingo players used beans to mark the raffled numbers on their cards.

The French version of Bingo emerged in 1778 and was called Le Lotto.

The earliest known online bingo game was called “Bingo Zone” which was launched in 1996. It was followed by “Bingo Blitz” in 1998.

The game Keno evolved from Bingo.

Online bingo is a very popular leisure activity in UK gathering more than 3 Million players each day. Online bingo sites have contributed a lot in increasing the economy’s earnings for the past years.

Most people who play Bingo are 35 years of age or under.

Online bingo game in US has shown tremendous development and is now the most popular past-time activity among Americans.

A person by the name of Margaret has a higher chance of winning a Bingo game than someone with another name, statistically.

Online Bingo has accumulated a total of $640 Million in 2010 and about 50% of this earning came from UK alone.

In the U.K alone Bingo games account for 20,000 jobs.

83% of online bingo players are women and the remaining 17% are men.

Online Bingo players are mostly women, as they account for about 83% of those who play online.

Facts About Crocuses

Crocus is a plant that belongs to iris family. There are over 80 different species of crocus that originate from Southern Europe, Central Asia, China, Middle East and Africa. Crocus lives in alpine meadows, rocky mountainsides, scrublands and woodlands. Crocuses tolerate low temperature and cold climates. Beautiful flowers of crocus often protrude from the snow when these plants live on the high altitudes. People started cultivating crocus 500 years BC. This plant can be used as spice, medicine and as a dye. Majority of crocus species are abundant in the wild. Certain species are threatened by habitat loss.

Their leaves and petals are covered by a waxy cuticle.

Crocus is small plant that can reach 8 to 12 inches in height.

Saffron is a product of the crocus.

Color of the flower depends on the species. Crocuses are usually yellow, white, mauve or lilac in color.

90% of the world’s saffron is harvested in Iran, and it’s one of the most expensive and precious spices on the planet.

Crocus has single, cup-shaped flower that arises from long tube. Flower is composed of six petals.

Crocus is at home in meadows, forests, and on mountain peaks.

Leaves of crocus have sword-like shape and white central stripe.

It thrives in Southern Europe, Central Asia, China, Middle East and Africa.

Crocus has corm which serves as underground storage system. Each year, at the beginning of the new growing season, new corm develops on the top of the old corm.

There are 80 different crocus species that originate in all different parts of the world.

Flower has both male and female reproductive organs. Each flower has three red stigmas (female sex organs) and three yellow anthers (male sex organs).

The word “crocus” comes from the Greek word kr√≥ki, which means weft, the thread used for weaving on a loom.

Saffron is a spice derived from dried female reproductive organs (red stigmas). These organs contain pigment called crocin which is yellow in color and has musky taste. Saffron is often used in Mediterranean kitchen.

It takes 85,000 flowers to accumulate just one kilogram of crocuses. And gathering must be done by hand, ideally between dawn and 10 a.m.

Saffron is the most expensive spice in the world because one ounce of saffron requires 80 000 plants. All plants are harvested manually. 90% of the world's saffron is produced in Iran.

Crocus ancyrensis, often listed as ‘Golden Bunch’, has 5cm (2-1/2in) high rich yellow flowers in late winter and early spring.

Saffron based pigment was used in the cave art 50 000 years ago.

Crocus imperati has 7.5-10cm (3-4in) high flowers with buff outer petals streaked purple, and bright purple satiny inner petals. It is another early-flowering species appearing in mid to late winter.

Saffron can be used in the manufacture of perfumes and in medicine. Some studies showed that saffron has antibacterial properties and possible anti-tumor effects. It can improve memory and it is often used to alleviate cough, bronchitis and stomach ache.

Crocus medius has 7.5cm (3in) high, lightly scented lilac blooms with deep orange stigmas. It is one of the autumn-flowering species. Grow in a sunny spot.

Another application of saffron is in textile industry, where it is used for dyeing of fabrics.

Certain species of crocus, such as Crocus Autumnale are poisonous. Besides being dangerous (if consumed), this type of crocus shows the greatest tolerance toward low temperatures.

Different species of crocus bloom in different parts of the year, but most species will show their beautiful flowers during the winter and spring.

Crocuses can be pollinated by various types of insects, such as bees, moths and beetles.

Crocus is perennial plant which means that parts of the plant above the ground die each year and new plant develops from the underground corm. Crocus can survive more than two years.

Facts About Las Vegas

Las Vegas is a city in Nevada most well known as a city where gambling and nightlife. Las Vegas' official name is the City of Las Vegas, and it is the state of Nevada's most populated city. It is known as the Entertainment Capital of the World, with multiple casinos and hotels, and it is home to the world's largest mechanical neon sign (when it was erected) - a cowboy towering over Fremont Street. Of the 20 largest hotels in the United States, 17 of them are located in Las Vegas. Las Vegas is so bright that when it is viewed from space it is the brightest place on earth.

'Las Vegas' is Spanish for 'the meadows'.

Most of the 4.2-mile Las Vegas Strip (a drag that includes popular Las Vegas hotels like MGM Grand, Caesars Palace, and Wynn Las Vegas) is actually in the neighboring town of Paradise.

In 1844 John C. Freemont led pioneers to the area, and Freemont Street in Las Vegas is named after him.

Prostitution isn’t only illegal in Las Vegas, it’s also banned in Nevada’s other major city, Reno. Cities in other Nevada counties, however, permit prostitution.

A fort that was built in Las Vegas in 1855 called the Old Mormon Fort can still be seen at the intersection of Washington Avenue and Las Vegas Boulevard.

There are 149,213 Las Vegas hotel rooms, according to 2015 figures supplied by the Las Vegas Convention and Visitors Authority. The average nightly room rate was $120.

In 1905 Las Vegas was founded as a city. In 1911 it was incorporated.

While most Las Vegas casino hotels will swap out competitors’ casino chips, this privilege is only honored in Nevada.

In 1931 gambling and casinos were legalized. The construction of Hoover Dam began nearby and the workers and their families helped to grow the city.

An icon on the Las Vegas Strip, the Luxor Light Beam at the Luxor Las Vegas is now operating at only half-strength from what it illumined in its 1993 debut.

After World War II ended the big casinos and entertainment venues began to symbolize Las Vegas.

Despite legalizing casino gaming in 1931, the sale of lottery tickets is still prohibited in the state of Nevada.

The first racially integrated hotel-casino in Las Vegas was opened in the 1950s, called the Moulin Rouge.

With earnings of $528 million in 2014, the highly profitable Wynn Las Vegas outpaces its competitors by offering a vast portfolio of the Strip’s most popular entertainment, including nightclubs, restaurants, shows, and, of course, gambling.

In 1965 nuclear testing began only 65 miles from Las Vegas.

From Elvis Presley to Cirque du Soleil and David Copperfield to Zombie Burlesque, there’s a stage fulfilling just about everyone’s taste in Las Vegas.

In the 1960s it became popular for businesses and corporations to add casinos to their portfolios.

It’s estimated that more than a thousand people live underneath the city of Las Vegas.

Las Vegas has become so popular that more than 41 million people visit the city every year.

The oldest hotel in Las Vegas is the Golden Gate Hotel in Downtown Las Vegas, which opened in 1906.

It is estimated that approximately 34% of the thefts or cheating that goes on in casinos in Las Vegas are committed by the staff.

The first casino in Las Vegas received its gambling license in 1931.

There is a black book of names in Las Vegas of the people who are never allowed into a casino in Vegas.

The first Jerry Lewis/Muscular Dystrophy Telethon ever was broadcast from Las Vegas on Labor Day September 6, 1971.

The mobster Bugsy Siegel named The Flamingo casino after his girlfriend - a showgirl with very long legs.

Las Vegas is home to 34 local golf courses.

At the Excalibur casino a 25 year old won $39 million after putting $100 into the slots.

There are an average 315 weddings per day in Las Vegas.

Legend Elvis Presley played 837 consecutive sold out shows at the LVH (formerly the Las Vegas Hilton).

The average household in Las Vegas uses 222 gallons of water per household.

The sphinx at the Luxor is 101 feet taller than the original Great Sphinx of Giza.

The current number of licensed gambling places in Las Vegas 1,701.

More than 60,000 pounds of shrimp are consumed in Las Vegas every day.

There are close to 200,000 slot machines in Las Vegas.

There is estimated to be one slot machine in Las Vegas for every eight residents of the city.

The average visitor's gambling budget is $541 per trip.

Las Vegas' MGM Grand Hotel and Casino is the 2nd largest hotel in the world by number of rooms, and largest in the United States.

The Flamingo, built in the 1940s, was the anchor for the famous row of casinos on the Strip.

More than 300 weddings take place each day in Las Vegas.

There are 15,000 miles of neon tubing on the strip and throughout downtown Las Vegas.

There is an estimated 1000 homeless people living in the tunnels underneath the city of Las Vegas.

The official name of the Strip is Las Vegas Boulevard, but it used to be called the Arrowhead Highway, and then, the Sunset Strip.

There are approximately 310 days of sunshine each year in Las Vegas. Tornados are not an issue in this section of the Mojave desert basin.

The Bellagio chocolate fountain is certified by Guinness World Records as the largest chocolate fountain in the world, at over 27 feet tall.

Facts About Chameleons

Chameleon is a type of lizard. There are around 160 species of chameleons which can be found mostly on the Madagascar (half of all species live there), in the Africa, southern Europe, south Asia and Sri Lanka. Some chameleon species are endangered due to habitat loss and destruction and because they are sold as pets.

Chameleons are a very unique branch of the lizard group of reptiles.

Chameleons vary in size. Smallest chameleon is Brookesia micra, which reaches 0.6 inches in length. Biggest chameleon is Furcifer oustaleti, which reaches 30 inches in length.

There are around 160 species of chameleon.

Chameleons prefer life in the forest and they adapted to the arboreal locomotion (movement in the trees). Their toes are divided in two groups of two or three toes on each foot, which help them grab the branch and achieve stability during walking. Chameleons move slowly, using one limb at the time.

Chameleons live in warm varied habitats from rainforests through to deserts.

Chameleons also use their long tail when moving in the trees to grab a branch and secure their position (to accomplish balance when necessary).

Almost half of the world's chameleon species are native to Madagascar, they are also found in Africa, and southern Europe to as far as Sri Lanka in Asia and have been introduced to Hawaii, California and Florida.

Chameleons have unique eyes, which can move separately from each other and achieve visual field of 180 degrees. This way chameleon can watch in two different directions at the same time and detect objects on the opposite sides. Eyes move rotationally and together provide visual field of 360 degrees.

Special color pigment cells under the skin called chromatophores allow some chameleon species to change their skin color, creating combined patterns of pink, blue, red, orange, green, black, brown, yellow and purple.

Chameleons have very good eyesight and they are able to detect small insects that are 5 to 10 meters away. They are also able to detect ultraviolet light.

Chameleon change color for camouflage but this is not always the main reason. Some show darker colors when angry, or when trying to scare others. Males show light multi-colored patterns when vying for female attention. Desert varieties change to black when its cooler to absorb heat, then a light grey to reflect heat.

Chameleons do not have ear opening or outer ears, but they are not deaf. They can detect sounds in the frequency range from 200 to 600 Hz.

Chameleons have amazing eyes. The bulging upper and lower eyelids are joined and the pupil peaks out from a pinhole sized gap.

The best known characteristic of chameleons is their ability to change the color of the skin. Most people believe that chameleons change their color to blend in with environment. Actually, change in color is the result of the mood change (when they are angry or aggressive), temperature, light and moisture in their environment. Cells equipped with pigment used for color change are called chromatophores.

The chameleons' eyes can rotate and focus separately on 180-degree arcs, so they can see two different objects at the same time. This gives them a full 360-degree field of vision.

Another equally impressive feature of chameleons is their long and sticky tongue used for catching of insects. Their tongue can be 1.5 to 2 times longer than their body (excluding tail). Tongue expands on its end and turns into a suction cup after catching of the insect.

Chameleons actual eyesight is great they can see small insects 5-10 meters away. They can also see in both visible and ultraviolet light.

Chameleon's tongue is propelled by incredible speed: it takes 0.07 seconds for tongue to reach the victim.

Chameleons feed by ballistically projecting their tongues often over twice the length of their body to catch prey, forming a suction cup as it hits its target.

Chameleons eat locusts, grasshoppers, crickets, mantis and stick insects.

The chameleons tongue can reach its prey in just 0.07 split seconds, with the projectile acceleration reaching over 41 g's of force.

Males are females do not always look the same. Males usually have more "ornaments", such as horns, spikes and nasal-protrusions. They are used when male defends its territory.

Chameleons usually eat large insects such as locusts, grasshoppers, crickets, and stick insects, some bigger species also eat other lizards and young birds.

Although chameleons are not social animals, they tend to stick together and even to mate more intensively when they are exposed to the ultraviolet light.

Chameleons are not deaf but they do not actually have ear openings.

Chameleon deposits eggs in the nests in the ground. Number of eggs depends on the species and it ranges from 6 to 24. Time for hatching also varies from 6 months to 2 years. Some species carry eggs in the womb until the hatching.

Many species of chameleon have horn-like bumps or crests on their heads.

Newly born chameleons look like a miniature version of an adult animal. They are capable for the independent life from the minute they are born.

Species of chameleon can be as small as 15 mm (0.59 in) or as large as 69 cm (27 in).

Chameleon can survive more than 10 years in the captivity.

Facts About Rugby

Rugby is a rough game similar to football, believed to have been developed at England's Rugby School, early in the 1800s. In 1823, when William Webb Ellis caught the ball during a game of soccer at Rugby School, he ran with it, forever changing the game and leading the way to an entirely new sport. The Rugby Football Union (RFU) was formed in 1871, and in 1892 the Northern Rugby Football Union (NU) was formed following professionalism charges for paying players. The first international rugby match was played in 1871between Scotland and England. Since then it has developed into the rugby sport played today, which is rapidly gaining popularity in North America.

The first ever rugby balls were made by a Richard Lindon who fashioned it out of hand stitched leather casing and pigs’ bladders.

Rugby involved two teams of 15 players each. The object of the game is to run or kick the ball across the opponent's goal or kick it up and through the posts. It is similar to football but there is no forward passing or time-outs.

Basketball was actually created by a rugby coach who wanted some form of indoor sporting activity to keep his players conditioned when it was off-season!

The Rugby Union World Cup, held every four years, awards the Webb Ellis Cup to the winning team.

Rugby was actually introduced to the Springboks by the British troops who were stationed in Cape Town.

By 1892, it was proposed that rugby players should be compensated for missing work to play. The proposed amount was six shillings, and this proposal was turned down by the RFU.

French rugby player Gaston Vareilles missed his international debut against Scotland in 1910 … all because of a sandwich. When the team train stopped at Lyon, Vareilles nipped to the buffet. But the queue was so long that by the time he returned to the platform, the train was disappearing into the distance. He was never picked for his country again.

Professionalism in rugby was allowed finally in 1898, but players still had to work at regular jobs.

If the population of Rugby went to Twickenham there would be more than 11,000 empty seats.

The first rugby balls were plum-shaped because they were made of pig bladders. In the late 1800s they were slightly egg-shaped and made from rubber inner tubes. They have evolved to the oval shape of today, as oval balls are easier to catch, hold and run with.

Everyone knows the New Zealand All Blacks dance the haka before the start of a match. But on the 16th November 1905 in Cardiff, the Welsh responded to the traditional war-dance by breaking into song.

Rugby has only been played as an Olympic sport four times. The first time was in 1900 and the last time was in 1924.

The same whistle has been used for the first opening Rugby World Cup game since 1987. It’s known as the Gil Evans whistle, named after the Welsh ref to first use it.

The very first time any national anthem was sung prior to any sports game, it was at a rugby game. It happened in 1905, when Wales played New Zealand. Wales sang their anthem "Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau" after New Zealand danced the Haka, a war dance.
Both the dance and the song were meant to try and intimidate the opposition.

England Is The Only Northern Team To Win The World Cup.

To earn tries (points), a rugby player must cross the touchline with the ball and then touch it to the ground. Originally there was no point for crossing the touchline—tries were worth nothing. A try could only be scored by kicking the ball over the crossbar and between the goal posts.

Few teams in any sport have been as impressive as the All Blacks throughout history. Since their first game in 1903, the All Blacks have won 77% of their games. What's more impressive is that they have a winning record against all 22 teams they have played.

The highest number of points scored during the Rugby World Cup was 162 in 1995. Japan lost to New Zealand, 145 to 17.

Australia has won two World Cups, in 1991 and 1999, while northern hemisphere sides France (1987, 1999, 2011) and England (1991, 2007, 2019) have both lost in the final three times.

Since 1905, the same whistle has been used to start the game at every Rugby World Cup. It is called the Gil Evans Whistle and is named after Gil Evans, who refereed the game between New Zealand and England in 1905. The same whistle was used to kick off the last rugby game played in the Olympics, in Paris in 1924.

Rugby Union was declared an open professional game and all restrictions regarding pay are lifted.

Italy joined Rugby Union's Five Nations in 2000, changing it to Six Nations.

Facts About Susan B. Anthony

Susan B. Anthony was born on February 15th, 1820 into a Quaker family in Adams, Massachusetts that was committed to social equality. Her father was Daniel Anthony, an abolitionist and temperance advocate. Her mother was Lucy Reed, and although she herself was not a Quaker, she raised her children with Daniel in a less strict version of Quaker religious tradition. Throughout Susan's life she became known for her work as a women's rights advocate, abolitionist, and suffragist. By the time she was 17 she was already collecting anti-slavery petitions. Much of her life was spent speaking about equal rights around the country, collecting petitions and organizing women's rights and labor organizations.

Susan B. Anthony's full name was Susan Brownell Anthony.

In 1905, she met with President Theodore Roosevelt in Washington, D.C., to lobby for an amendment to give women the right to vote. However, it wouldn't be until 14 years after Anthony's death — in 1920 — that the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, giving all adult women the right to vote, was passed.

Susan B. Anthony was the second of seven children in her family.

She attended public school until she was seven and the teacher refused to teach her long division. Her father then founded an educational program in her neighborhood where Susan and her siblings and other children were taught.

Susan taught at the school her father founded beginning in 1837, and various other schools in the early 1840s.

Susan B. Anthony’s Anthony ancestors came to America via England in 1634. The Anthonys had been a prominent and well-educated family. The English Anthonys were descended from a William Anthony in Germany who was an engraver. He served as Chief Engraver of the Royal Mint during the reigns of Edward VI, Mary I, and Elizabeth I.

She joined a teachers union to fight for equal wages when she discovered that male teachers were making $10 a month and female teachers were only making $2.50 a month in wages.

Susan B. Anthony met Elizabeth Cady Stanton, credited with initiating the first women's suffrage and women's rights movements in America, in 1851. This was the beginning of a lifelong friendship and working relationship.

In 1856 Susan B. Anthony was appointed the New York state agent for American Anti-Slavery Society.

Her Maternal Grandfather Fought in the American Revolution.

Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton founded the National Women Suffrage Association in 1869.

Susan B. Anthony appeared every year from 1869 to 1906 (the year she died) before Congress, asking for the passage of a woman's suffrage amendment. The nineteenth amendment was finally passed in 1920, 14 years after Susan B. Anthony died.
The National American Woman Suffrage Association was formed in 1887, and Anthony and Stanton served as the first two presidents.

In 1856, Anthony began working as an agent for the American Anti-Slavery Society. She spent years promoting the society's cause up until the Civil War.

In 1942, a ship was named for Susan B. Anthony. Constructed in 1930 and called the Santa Clara until the Navy chartered it on August 7, 1942, the ship became one of very few named for a woman.

Susan B. Anthony was arrested in 1872 for voting - which was illegal for women at the time. She was convicted of the offence but never paid the fine.

Susan gave as many as 75 to 100 speeches each year in support of woman's suffrage.

She Celebrated Her 80th Birthday at the White House.

Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton started a newspaper called The Revolution in 1868. They ran it for 29 months and then transferred to a wealthy woman's rights activist when mounting debt threatened the paper's survival. The new owner published for less than two years after. Although the paper didn't last very long it helped to express important views.

A U.S. one dollar coin was minted in 1979 to 1981 and in 1999. She was the first real woman printed on circulating currency in the U.S.

Susan B. Anthony died on March 13th, 1906 in her home in Rochester, New York.

The last time she spoke publicly she spoke the words 'failure is impossible', which are now famous.

In the early 1880s, Anthony published the first volume of History of Woman Suffrage — a project that she co-edited with Stanton, Ida Husted Harper and Matilda Joslin Gage. Several more volumes would follow.

The National Susan B. Anthony Museum and House is located in Rochester at her home. It is registered as a National Historic Landmark.

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