Facts about Xylophone


The xylophone is a musical instrument that produces sound by striking wooden bars with a mallet. The wooden bars are organized in a piano-like pattern, with each one being a different length, creating a unique sound. The xylophone is thought to have originated in ancient Southeast Asia (2000 BC) and was transported to Africa by Malayo-Polynesians. In Europe, the western xylophone, with which most people are familiar, was first referenced in 1511. At the time, it was known as 'wooden clatter.' The term 'xylophone' was not coined until the 1860s to describe the instrument.

The xylophone is an instrument that belongs to the percussion family.

Many cultures have used various variants of the xylophone for many years.

The balafon is the name for the African xylophone; the Mbilia is the name for the xylophone in Mozambique; the gyil is the name for the xylophone in Ghana, Burkina Faso, Mali, and West Africa; and the silimba is the name for the xylophone in western Zambia.

Wooden bars linked to gourds were commonly used to make early xylophones in Asia. The xylophone's structure is now composed of wood or metal.

When Russian musician Michael Josef Gusikov travelled with his instrument in the 1800s, the xylophone gained international appeal.

The xylophone was prominent in vaudeville routines between 1910 and 1940.

Until the 1940s, when the vibraphone became increasingly prominent in this form of music, jazz musicians frequently employed the xylophone in their bands.

The xylophone became prominent in ragtime music in the 1970s.

Rosewood or Kelon are commonly used for xylophone bars (a type of fiberglass).

The xylophone is made up of different length bars that produce different sounds.

High sounds are produced by shorter xylophone bars, whereas lower notes are produced by longer xylophone bars.

A xylophone's bars are connected together with thread or cord and held in place while vibrating when struck with a mallet to make sound.

A resonator tube is located beneath each xylophone bar and intensifies the sound.

Xylophones used in concert venues typically contain 42 to 48 hardwood bars and resemble a keyboard in appearance.

The xylophone's mallets are composed of a range of materials, including wood, metal, and rubber.

Other than for music, the xylophone has been employed. It was used in Senegal to keep monkeys, birds, and other pests out of people's gardens.

The sort of wood used to make the xylophone's bars can produce a variety of sounds. The most popular is hardwood, but bamboo has also been utilized.

The xylophone has also been utilized in movies to create sound effects, such as the sound of bones banging together.

In primary school musical education lessons, xylophones are frequently employed.

In 1893, the opera Hansel and Gretel by German composer Engelbert Humperdinck (Arnold George Dorsey) was the first time a xylophone was utilized in an orchestra.

Facts about Ellen Ochoa


Ellen Ochoa is an American astronaut who was the world's first Hispanic woman to journey to space. She was born in Los Angeles, California, on May 10, 1958, to Joseph and Rosanne Ochoa. She was born and raised in La Mesa, California, and graduated from Grossmont High School in El Cajon in 1975. She graduated Phi Beta Kappa from San Diego University with a bachelor's degree in 1980 and moved on to Stanford University to receive a master's degree in 1991 and an electrical engineering doctorate in 1985. Her job took her to NASA's Ames Research Center and then to space.

Dr. Ochoa applied to the NASA Training Program in 1985. Despite being rejected, she opted to pursue a pilot's license. She was confident that she would enjoy flying and that it would help her improve her NASA résumé. She applied again in 1987, but was again rejected. Her third application, however, was accepted in 1990.

Ellen Ochoa had a patent for an optical system that could detect problems in repeated patterns.

An optical inspection system, a method for eliminating noise from images, and an optical recognition approach were all co-invented by Ellen Ochoa.

Ellen Ochoa oversaw a large staff of engineer scientists at NASA's Ames Research Center that worked on building computing systems for aerospace missions.

NASA chose Ellen Ochoa to be an astronaut in 1990, and she became one in 1991.

Ellen was the crew representative for flight software, robotics, and computer hardware at the Astronaut Office. She was also the principal spacecraft communicator at Mission Control, the Deputy Chief of the Astronaut Office, and the Chief of the Astronaut Office's assistant for the Space Station.

Ellen became the first Hispanic woman in space when she flew to space aboard the shuttle Discovery for a nine-day mission in 1993.

Ellen Ochoa is the mother of two children.

Facts about April Fools' Day


Every year on April 1st, April Fools' Day is observed as a day to play tricks and practical jokes on others. This type of custom dates back to Roman times, when practical jokes were played on others during the Hilaria festival. April Fools' Day has been celebrated for centuries, but its exact origins are unknown. Some believe it began in France in 1582, when New Year's Day was moved from April 1st to January 1st, but others believe it began centuries earlier. April Fools' Day is now widely celebrated in the United States, Canada, Brazil, Europe, and Australia.

April Fools' Day, also known as All Fools' Day, is observed on April 1st each year.

Geoffrey Chaucer's book The Canterbury Tales, published in 1392, associated April 1st with folly.

April Fools' Day pranks and hoaxes are intended to be amusing and harmless.

In 1698, an April Fools' Day joke led several people to the Tower of London to see lions being washed.

In Scotland, April Fools' Day is known as Huntigowk Day. In Scots, a gowk is a cuckoo or a foolish person.

April Fools' Day is so widely celebrated in Poland that an anti-Turkish alliance signed on April 1st with Leopold 1 in 1683 had to be backdated to March 31st.

In Poland, Denmark, Sweden, and Norway, the media frequently publishes a false story in honor of April Fools' Day.

April Fish is a term used in Italy, Belgium, France, and Quebec, Canada to refer to April Fools' Day. As part of this tradition, a paper fish is attached to someone's back as a joke and is not noticed. This is known as 'Poisson d'Avril.'

When New Year's Day was moved to January 1st in France in the 16th century, some people objected. They were commonly known as April fools.

April Fools' jokes are only permitted in Canada and England until noon.

Since 1986, press releases have been issued to announce the New York City April Fools' Day Parade. There is no such parade.

In the 1950s, the BBC broadcast a report about a spaghetti harvest in Switzerland. This prank is widely regarded as the best April Fools' Day prank of all time, with viewers requesting spaghetti trees in droves.

Taco Bell reported in 1996 that they had purchased the Liberty Bell and planned to rename it the Taco Liberty Bell.

In 2010, a parody web video claiming that President Obama was the "greatest president ever" and that he had kept every promise he had made was released. The National Republican Senatorial Committee released the video.

Court jesters were once thought to be wise men who could use humor to put things into perspective.

The majority of April Fools' Day jokes involve a prank, sending someone on an errand to find something that does not exist, or convincing someone of something that is not true.

Facts about Cuyahoga Valley National Park Facts


Cuyahoga Valley National Park is the only national park in Ohio. It was established in 1974 as the Cuyahoga Valley National Recreation Area and covers 33,000 acres of rural landscape. It was re-designated a national park in 2000 and is now managed by the National Park Service. The park itself is located between Cleveland and Akron, Ohio, along the Cuyahoga River. Every year, over two million people visit the park to hike, cycle, camp, sled, go bird watching, sight-seeing, and even attend concerts.

Since the 1870s, the region has been a popular tourist destination.

When park districts were established in the 1910s, it began to be developed as a park.

Hayward Kendall, a Cleveland businessman, donated 430 acres of land to the park in 1929. He also established a trust fund for the state of Ohio.

Because of the public's desire to preserve the valley, President Gerald Ford established Cuyahoga National Recreation Area in 1974 and signed the bill into law.

The park purchased a 47-acre dump in 1985. Following a thorough investigation, it was determined that the dump was extremely toxic, and the area was closed down. Lawsuits were filed against GM, Ford, Chrysler, 3M, and Waste Management.

The cleanup of the site began in 1987 and is still ongoing as they attempt to return it to its natural wetlands.

The Richfield Coliseum, a former arena, was demolished in 1999 and is now part of Cuyahoga Valley National Park. It is now a popular bird-watching meadow.

The park is free to enter, but there are some special events that visitors can attend for a fee.

The Ohio and Erie Canal, a 308-mile-long waterway dug by hand, runs through the park. The majority of the employees were Irish and German immigrants.

Cuyahoga Valley National Park is home to at least 20 reptile species, including skinks (lizards), turtles, and snakes.

Cuyahoga Valley National Park is home to 105 bird species, and the park has been visited by 250 different bird species.

The park contains 43 different species of fish.

The park contains a variety of trees, including maple, hickory, spruce, pine, oak, and beech, as well as 943 known plant species.

Although forest is the park's dominant landscape, it also contains wetlands, meadows, floodplains, valleys, ravines, trails, and the canal.

Cuyahoga is a Mohawk word that translates as "crooked river."

A passenger train runs through the park, following the Towpath Trail. Mules were used in the early days to tow boats loaded with goods and people along the canal. Towing the boats down the canal waterway, the mules walked along the path.

The park does not have any drive-to campsites, but there are five campsites where cyclists and hikers can pitch a tent and stay overnight.

Although fishing is permitted in the river, catch-and-release is encouraged. People are discouraged from eating the fish they catch because of the river's poor water quality.

Facts about Capuchin Monkey


The capuchin monkey is a cute monkey that gained popularity after appearing in "Friends" as Ross's pet Marcel and Ace Ventura's movies as a domesticated monkey named Spike. South America is home to the Capuchin monkey. Capuchin monkeys inhabit tropical rainforests, dry forests, and mangroves in nine different species. Capuchin monkeys are more resistant to habitat destruction than other primate species. Unfortunately, the number of capuchin monkeys has declined dramatically as a result of over-hunting (local people consume capuchin monkey meat), pet trade, and scientific research. Capuchin monkeys are not currently listed as endangered.

Capuchin monkeys are diminutive in comparison to other primates. They can grow to be 12 to 22 inches long and weigh between 3 and 9 pounds.

The prehensile tail of the Capuchin monkey is the same length as the body.

The fur on the capuchin monkey's body is white (or light tan) on the face, neck, and shoulders and dark brown on the rest of the body.

Capuchin monkeys get their name because they resemble tiny Spanish Capuchin monks, with white faces and dark brown robes and hoods on their heads.

Omnivorous Capuchin monkeys (eat both plants and animals). Fruit, leaves, seeds, berries, flowers, and buds make up the majority of their diet. Insects, spiders, oysters, birds, small mammals, and eggs are also eaten.

Capuchin monkeys are highly intelligent animals that open shells, nuts, and hard seeds with various tools (sticks, branches, and stones).

The majority of Capuchin monkeys' lives are spent in the treetops, where they can find food and avoid predators.

Capuchin monkeys' main predators include boa constrictors, jaguars, hawks, and eagles.

In the event of danger, Capuchin monkeys use a special type of warning call (sharp whistling) to alert members of the group. When monkeys greet each other, they make a "purr" sound.

Capuchin monkeys are aggressive animals. Territory typically ranges from 80 to 212 acres, depending on food availability.

Capuchin monkeys live in mixed-sex groups of 10 to 20 animals. The dominant male is the group's leader. The leader must defend its territory and protect group members from predators and other capuchin monkeys. Leader, on the other hand, is the only one who mates and always eats first.

Although there is no specific mating season for capuchin monkeys, most babies are born at the end of the dry season and the beginning of the rainy season (from December to April).

To attract females, males urinate on their hands and cover their bodies with urine.

Pregnancy lasts between 157 and 167 days and results in a single baby. The baby is only cared for by the mother. When children reach sexual maturity, they leave their natal group.

In captivity, a capuchin monkey can live for 50 years.

Facts about Arc de Triomphe


The Arc de Triomphe is a well-known monument in Paris, France. The French Emperor Napoleon ordered its construction in 1806 to honor the French army, the Grande Armee. After conquering most of Europe and winning the Battle of Austerlitz in 1805, the French army was thought to be invincible. Napoleon told his troops that they would return home via arcs symbolizing their victories. Despite the fact that construction began in 1806 and was not completed until 1836, 15 years after Napoleon's death. In 1840, his body was carried through the Arc de Triomphe on its way to his final resting place.

The Arc de Triomphe cost 9.3 million francs to build at the time, which was a large sum at the time.

Jean Chalgrin, who died in 1811 before the Arch de Triomphe was completed, and Jean-Nicolas Huyot, who took over when Jean Chalgrin died, were among the architects.

Although Napoleon never saw the finished monument, he had a wooden model built so that he could ride through it on his way back to Paris with his new wife, Archduchess Marie-Louise of Austria, in 1810.

The Arc de Triomphe stands at the crossroads of 12 avenues that radiate outward.

The Arc de Triomphe is 162 feet tall, 150 feet wide, and 72 feet deep. The vault measures 95.8 feet high and 48 feet wide. The smaller vault has a height of 61.3 feet and a width of 27.7 feet.

The Arc de Triomphe was the largest triumphal arch in the world until 1982, standing 162 feet tall and 150 feet wide. To compete, North Korea built a slightly larger version in 1982.

After World War I, Charles Godefroy flew his fighter plane through the Arc de Triomphe in honor of the airmen who died in the conflict.

The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in France is located beneath the Arc de Triomphe. On November 10, 1920, it was placed there with the inscription, "Here lies a French soldier who died for his fatherland 1914-1918."

In 1916, the Arc de Triomphe relief in Marseille was damaged. The warrior in the relief representing France was depicted with a sword that snapped on the same day that the Battle of Verdun began. Tarps were used to cover the relief so that citizens didn't see it and think it was a bad omen. More than 250 million French people died in the Battle of Verdun, and nine villages were destroyed.

At the Arc de Triomphe, two unsuccessful assassination attempts were made against Charles De Gaulle and Jacques Chirac. Both men lived.

Although the Arc de Triomphe is a symbol of France's victories, it has been desecrated on two occasions by enemy armies marching beneath it, by the Germans in 1871 and the Nazis in WWII.

Since November 11th, 1923, a memorial flame has been burning nonstop at the Arc de Triomphe.

Following wars, the French have staged famous victory marches. They marched after WWI in 1919, and with the Allies in 1944 and 1945.

Facts about Steel Pan


Steel pans are percussion instruments made from industrial drums, which are also known as pans or steel drums. Steel pans originated in Trinidad and Tobago following the arrival of the French with their slaves during the French Revolution. Percussion music was banned in the country in 1880, and orchestras with instruments made of dustbin lids and oil drums first appeared in the 1930s. When the United States When the Navy arrived in the early 1940s, they were introduced to the steel pan, and its popularity spread throughout the world. The first steel pans were made from used oil drums, but they are now manufactured as a standalone instrument to specific specifications.

Pannists are musicians who perform on the steel pan.

To create the sound of metal music, early metal pan musicians used a variety of tools, including kitchen utensils and metal containers.

The bottom of an oil drum is pounded into the shape of a bowl when making a steel pan. Hammers are used for further shaping and tuning, creating surfaces that resonate to produce distinct sounds.

Steel pan instruments were originally played in steel bands using instruments such as dustbins, biscuit tins, and soap boxes. Steel bands now include other instruments such as triangles, bongos, congas, vibraphones, other percussion instruments, and cow bells.

Calypso music is the most popular and well-known music played on the steel pan.

Steel bands competed against each other early in the history of the steel pan in Trinidad. Steel band members were thought to be gang members, and street fighting was common. As a result, steel bands were looked down upon.

The steel pan was designated as the official national instrument of Trinidad and Tobago in 1992.

The popularity of this music has grown since the first steel pans and steel bands appeared. Steel bands with steel pan musicians can be found in Japan, Sweden, Switzerland, and many other non-Caribbean countries.

Winston 'Spree' Simon invented the first'melody pan,' which could play an entire melody.

Ellie Mannette was the first steel pan musician to wrap the sticks in rubber to soften the sound. He also designed the concave shape that is still used in the design today.

Anthony Williams was one of the first steel pan musicians to use a 55 gallon oil drum to make a steel pan. He also invented the'spider web pan,' which is now a popular tenor pan design.

Bertie Marshall invented the double tenor pam. He also recognized that the sun harmed the steel pan and began using canopies for shade during outdoor play.

Steel pans only have about a one and a half octave range when compared to other instruments.

Bass steel pans are extremely heavy and difficult to transport.

Since 1964, Trinidad has hosted the World Steel Band Music Festival.

Panorama, Trinidad's largest steel band competition, is held during Carnival.

Facts about Gabby Douglas


Gabby Douglas is an American gymnast and Olympic gold medalist, as well as the first African American to win an individual all-around gold medal. She is also the first African-American woman to win the individual all-around title. Gabrielle Christina Victoria Douglas was born in Newport, Virginia on December 31, 1995, to Natalie Hawkins- Douglas and Timothy Douglas. She began gymnastics training at the age of six. Gabby won the 2004 Virginia State Championships in Level 4 all-around gymnastics when she was eight years old. She moved to Iowa to train full-time when she was 14 years old. She would go on to win numerous competitions and championships.

Gabby's other nicknames include Gab, Gabby, and Bri.

Gabby Douglas won the individual all-around gold medal at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, England, when she was only 16 years old.

Gabby Douglas also won gold with Team USA in the same Olympics.

Gabby Douglas was the only competitor in the 2012 Olympics to qualify for the finals of the beam, bars, and individual all-around in her preliminary performances.

Gabby Douglas' score in all four events during the team finals competition at the 2012 Olympics was higher than anyone else in the event, which helped the team win gold.

Gabby Douglas almost quit gymnastics before making the Olympic team in 2012. She'd decided she wanted to be a normal adolescent.

Gabby Douglas took a break from gymnastics after the 2012 Olympics. She struggled to get back into her gym routine after her vacation.

Gabby was the youngest of four children in her family, which is featured on Oxygen in the TV show Douglas Family Gold.

Gabby Douglas was honored with a Barbie doll.

Gabby Douglas is the author of two books: Raising the Bar and Grace, Gold, and Glory: My Leap of Faith.

Gabby Douglas was given the nickname "Flying Squirrel" by her national team coordinator because of her work on the uneven bars.

Gabby Douglas was the subject of a Lifetime documentary titled The Gabby Douglas Story, which aired in 2014. Along with her mother, she was an executive producer on the film.

Gabby Douglas put in over 18,000 hours of training to prepare for her first Olympics in 2012.

Gabby Douglas competed in the Rio de Janeiro Summer Olympics in 2016. In the team event, she won her third Olympic gold medal.

The Associated Press named Gabby Douglas Female Athlete of the Year in 2012.

Gabby Douglas revealed that she was sexually abused as a teenager by Larry Nassar, a former USA Gymnastics doctor.

Gabby Douglas has a long list of accomplishments, including National Championships in Uneven Bars in 2011 and 2012, All-Around in 2012, and Floor Exercise in 2012.

Gabby Douglas won the World Championships (team) in 2011 and 2015, as well as the Individual All-Around title in 2015.

Gabby Douglas won the American Cup All-Around in 2016.

Gabby Douglas won the Pacific Rim Championships in Team and Uneven Bars in 2012.