Facts about the Space Shuttle

 

The space shuttle, also known as a Space Transportation System, is a partially reusable rocket-launched vehicle developed by the United States that is designed to go into orbit around Earth, transport people and cargo to and from orbiting spacecraft, and glide to a runway landing on its return to Earth's surface. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration is an acronym for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The Space Transportation System (STS) launched into space for the first time on April 12, 1981, and flew 135 times until the program ended in 2011.

The space shuttle is 184 feet long and weighs 4.5 million pounds.

The space shuttle was the first piece of reusable space exploration technology.

Although over 600 astronauts have flown to space on the space shuttle, only about seven can fly out at once.

The space shuttle's longest orbit lasted 17 and a half days.

The space shuttle takes off like a rocket but lands like a plane.

The space shuttle's fuel is mostly made of oxygen and hydrogen.

The majority of space shuttle launches occurred during the day.

In 1981, the first space shuttle test flight took place.

The space shuttle carried out 135 missions.

The space shuttle was retired in 2011 so that NASA could focus on less expensive methods of space exploration, such as exploring beyond our solar system.

There were five space shuttles: Enterprise, Columbia, Challenger, Discovery, and Atlantis.

All space shuttles launched from Florida's Kennedy Space Center.

Both the Challenger and the Columbia were destroyed in accidents that claimed the lives of 14 astronauts.

Weather conditions such as precipitation, lightning, wind, and humidity were carefully considered before a space shuttle could launch.

Because space shuttles did not have software that could handle a year change while in orbit, missions were never conducted between December and January.

Facts about Judaism

 

Judaism is an Abrahamic religion that originated in the Middle East around 3500 years ago. Many people believe that Moses was the founder of Judaism, despite the fact that its history dates back to Abraham (as does Christianity and Islam). The Torah is the most important religious text in Judaism, and its laws are known as Halakhah. According to Judaism, there is only one God. The Hebrew bible is known as the Tanakh, and Jews are adherents of Judaism. The term Jew is derived from the name of people who lived in the ancient Kingdom of Judea (presently Israel). Eventually, the term Jew came to refer to adherents of the Jewish faith.


Yahweh is the name given to God by Jewish believers.


Jewish people strive to make every aspect of their lives holy in some way.


Rabbis are the spiritual leaders of Judaism.


Synagogues are Jewish places of worship.


The Torah is made up of the five books of Moses (Old Testament in Christianity).


Maimonides, a Jewish philosopher, wrote the 13 Articles of Faith, which summarized Jewish beliefs, in the 1100s.


Conservative Judaism, orthodox Judaism, Hasidic Judaism, and reformed Judaism are some of the sects that have developed over time within Judaism.


Jewish holidays commemorate significant historical events, times of the year, and events in people's lives.


The Sabbath, Passover, the Day of Atonement, the Festival of Booths, the Jewish New Year, the Festival of Trees, Purim, and the Days of Awe, which last 10 days beginning on Rosh Hashanah and ending on Yom Kippur, are all Jewish holidays.


Although Hanukkah is a significant Jewish holiday, it is not mentioned in the Hebrew Scriptures because it commemorates an event that occurred after the Scriptures were written. It commemorates the Maccabees' victory over the Syrian-Greek rulers of Jerusalem and the rededication of the Temple in 164 BCE.


Following the 613 Commandments in the Law of Moses is the most important religious practice in Judaism.


Kittel (white, knee-length over-garment worn on High Holidays), kippah (brimless skullcap worn on many Jewish occasions and at all times by some men), tallit (prayer shawl) and tzitzit (tassels on the Tallit's four corners), and tefellin are examples of special Jewish clothing (small square leather boxes worn during weekday morning prayers).


Today, there are approximately 14,000,000 Jews in the world.


During World War II, the Nazis murdered over 6 million Jews in an attempt to exterminate the race. It is known as the Holocaust.


According to traditional Jewish law, any child born to a Jewish mother is also a Jew.


In Judaism, there are three pilgrimage festivals: Passover, Shavuot, and Sukkot.


During Hanukkah (the Festival of Lights), Jewish families light eight candles over an eight-day period. They light one candle on the first day, two candles on the second day, and so on...


The Star of David is the religious symbol of Judaism.


Kosher food cannot contain pork because Jewish adherents do not consume pork.


When a Jewish boy or girl reaches the age of 13, or when a Jewish girl reaches the age of 12, they have a Bar Mitzvah. This is a rite of passage from childhood to adulthood.

Facts about Numbat

 

The numbat is one of the few marsupials that lacks a pouch. It is only found in Australia's southwestern regions. Numbats are typically found in eucalyptus forests and grasslands. Numbats are listed as vulnerable (near-endangered) due to accelerated habitat loss and the introduction of new species into their natural habitat, such as foxes and cats. According to the most recent research, there are less than 1500 numbats left in the wild.


Numbat is a type of marsupial. The males are slightly larger than the females, but the females have a longer tail. Numbats can grow to be between 13 and 18 inches long and weigh between 9.9 and 19 ounces.


The body of a numbat is covered in red-brownish fur with white stripes on the back.


Numbats have a pointed head and a sticky tongue that they use to feed on termites. In addition to termites, numbats consume ants and other insects. Numbats are diurnal (active during the day).


Numbat is incapable of destroying termite mounds. It instead looks for hidden entrances into the mounds and waits for termites to appear. Termites are most active in the morning and late in the afternoon during the summer. Termites leave the mound in the middle of the day during the winter. Numbat goes through the same motions.


Numbats can consume up to 20,000 termites per day, which is 10% of their body weight.


Because of the specific coloration of the coat and the type of diet, the numbat is often referred to as a "banded anteater."


Aside from food, numbats and anteaters don't have much in common (they are not genetically related).


Numbats are easy prey for many predators due to their small size. They spend the night concealed in hollow logs and burrows.


Foxes, dingoes, snakes, birds of prey, and cats are the most common numbat predators. The number of numbats decreased dramatically after foxes, cats, and dogs were introduced into their habitat.


Numbats are territorial creatures. The home range can be as large as 370 acres.


Numbats are solitary creatures who only congregate during mating season.


The mating season lasts from January to May. Pregnancy lasts only a few weeks and usually results in four underdeveloped babies.


Despite the fact that females lack a pouch, babies spend the first few months (up to 5 months) of their lives attached to the tits on the mother's belly. Long hairs on the belly protect babies instead of a pouch.


After a few months (when the babies are stronger), the mother constructs a nest in the burrow where the babies will continue to develop. While their mother is outside looking for food, the young numbats will play in the burrow.


Numbats reach the age of independence in late spring, when they are able to leave their mother and establish their own territories.


In captivity, numbats have a lifespan of 4 to 8 years.


Facts about Lunar Eclipse

 

A lunar eclipse happens when the Moon passes through the Earth's shadow. During this type of eclipse, the Moon appears reddish. This type of eclipse can only happen when the moon is full. An eclipse was terrifying in ancient times because people used the Moon and Sun to tell time and seasons. People were unsure what to expect when the Moon appeared, causing a dramatic shift. Total lunar eclipses, partial lunar eclipses, and penumbral eclipses are the three types of lunar eclipses, with total lunar eclipses being the most dramatic, with Earth's shadow completely covering the moon.


Some lunar eclipses can last up to three and a half hours and 45 minutes.


Normally, eclipses alternate between solar and lunar phases.


A lunar eclipse usually occurs three times a year at the most.


Every year, there are more solar eclipses than lunar eclipses.


A lunar eclipse is classified into three types: partial, full, and prenumbral.


Only a portion of the Moon passes through the Earth's shadow during a partial lunar eclipse.


When the Earth passes directly in front of a full moon, it causes a total lunar eclipse.


A prenumbral lunar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes through the Earth's prenumbral shadow.


The Moon's appearance or darkness varies during a total lunar eclipse due to variations in the composition of the Earth's atmosphere.


The Danjon Scale is a measurement of the darkness of a total lunar eclipse.


The Danjon Scale has 5 points that range from 0 (Moon appears almost invisible) to 4 (Moon appears almost invisible) (very bright yellowish orange).


Looking directly at the Moon during a lunar eclipse is not dangerous because the Moon does not emit its own light.


In ancient times, a total lunar eclipse or Moon disappearance meant that the gods were furious with the people.


The term eclipse is derived from the Greek word for "fall."


A lunar eclipse can be seen by more people than a solar eclipse.


Facts about Snowdrop

 

Snowdrop is a herbaceous plant in the Amaryllidaceae family. Snowdrops are native to Europe and Asia Minor, and there are 20 different species. Snowdrops grow in forests, grasslands, along streams, and along roads. They are frequently seen in gardens and parks. Snowdrops prefer well-drained, fertile soil and habitats with full or partial sun. Snowflakes and snowdrops are closely related. These two plants have similar flowers, but they bloom at different times of the year (snowflakes appear later in spring or even during the summer). The uncontrolled collection of plants from the wild is endangering snowdrops. Some snowdrop species are listed as vulnerable or even endangered.

Snowdrop is a small plant that can grow to a height of 2.7 to 12 inches.

The bulb of the snowdrop produces two to three narrow, dark green leaves. The leaves are usually 6 inches long and have enforced tips that allow them to grow through the snow.

A single flower blooms at the top of a flowering stalk. The flower is loosely hung and has a bell-like shape.

The perianth is made up of six tepals. The three outermost are larger and convex in shape. 3 inner are twice as long and have a small green notch at the top. Snowdrops have a pleasant, sweet odor.

During the months of February and March, bees pollinate snowdrops.

Snowdrop cross-pollination is uncommon due to low insect activity during the cold winter months. As a result, snowdrops seldom produce seeds, and the majority of plants are sterile.

Ants are attracted to substances produced by miniature white seeds. These insects use underground tunnels to collect and transfer seed.

The majority of snowdrops reproduce by division of the underground bulb.

Galanthus nivalis is the scientific name for the snowdrop. The name is derived from the Greek words "gala" (milk) and "anthos" (flower). The second part of the name, "nivalis," comes from Latin and means "snow."

Galanthophiles are a group of enthusiastic snowdrop collectors.

Galanthamine is a snowdrop-derived substance that can be used to improve sleep.

Galantamine can also be used to treat Alzheimer's disease. It is sold under the brand name Reminyl. According to the most recent scientific research, galanthamine improves the function of certain receptors in the brain.

Snowdrops herald the arrival of spring. They are among the first plants to emerge while the ground is still covered in snow.

Snowdrops are a symbol of comfort and hope, as well as purity and cleansing.

During 2012, the 20th species of snowdrop was discovered for the first time. This species is extremely rare, and it can only be found in a few locations in Georgia and Russia. Unfortunately, one of its natural habitats was destroyed during the Olympic Games in Sochi preparations.

Snowdrop is a perennial plant, which means it can live in the wild for more than two years.

Facts about Dolomite

 

Dolomite is a mineral and rock with a distinctive saddle-shaped crystal. It is most likely found in sedimentary or metamorphic rocks and is composed of calcium magnesium carbonate. Dolomite is found in many parts of Europe, Canada, and Africa. Limestone is a type of dolomite. It contains a lot of magnesium and calcium carbonate. It also contains trace amounts of a number of other minerals. Dolomite is used as a calcium and magnesium supplement.


Dolomite is used in the production of the medicine magnesia, which is commonly used as a laxative.


Rare, hot pink dolomite varieties can be found in Africa's Congo.


Dolomite is used in the production of magnesium salts.


Dolomite is an excellent soil amendment for lowering acid levels.


Dolomite is a variety of limestone.


Although dolomite can be found in both sedimentary and metamorphic rock, it is more commonly found in sedimentary rock.


Dolomite is used to make bricks, which are then used to make steel.


Dolomite was named after the French mineralogist Deodat de Dolomieu.


Dolomite is found in large, thick areas known as dolomite beds.


The Dolomite Problem refers to the scientific debate over how dolomite beds formed.


Dolomite is formed underground in ancient rock rather than on the Earth's surface.


Dolomite is used in the production of cement, pavement, and concrete.


The main difference between limestone and dolomite is that dolomite does not bubble when exposed to acid.


The Dolomites are an Italian mountain range made of dolomite rock.


Dolomite can be used as a calcium or magnesium supplement.

Facts about the Temple of Artemis

 

The Temple of Artemis in Ephesus was built to honor Artemis, one of Olympus' three maiden goddesses. One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, this temple is considered to be one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It was constructed in Ephesus (an ancient city), which is now located near Selcuk, Turkey. It had to be rebuilt at least three times due to fire, flood, and a zealous mob intent on destroying it. It grew larger and more beautiful and impressive with each rebuilding.


The Temple of Diana is another name for the Temple of Artemis.


Artemis was the daughter of Zeus and Leto, and an Olympian God. She was the moon goddess as well as the hunt goddess. She was also the identical twin sister of


The first temple was constructed around 800 BC.


In the seventh century, the first temple was destroyed. In 550 BC, reconstruction began. It took approximately ten years to rebuild. According to some historians, it was destroyed by a flood. Others believe it was caused by the war.


The second temple was roughly four times larger in area than the first.


The temple was rebuilt on the same site each time.


The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus was described as more marvelous than any of the other six wonders by Antipater of Sidon, who first compiled the list of the Seven Wonders of the World.


Herostratus burned down the temple the second time it was destroyed. He started the fire in order to make himself famous. It backfired, as anyone who mentioned his name was sentenced to death.


Herostratus started the fire on the same day that Alexander the Great was born.


Years later, Alexander the Great paid a visit to the town and offered to contribute to the cost of rebuilding it in exchange for having his name engraved on it. Because the townspeople did not want his name to be engraved anywhere on or in the temple, his name was not engraved anywhere on or in the temple.


After Alexander the Great died, the temple was finally rebuilt.


This temple may have been the first to be built of marble. It may also be the first building ever built of marble in history.


In 268 A.D., an East Germanic tribe (the Goths) destroyed the temple once more.


The temple served as both a place of worship and a marketplace at various times.


The temple was 450 feet long and 225 feet wide the third time it was built. It stood 60 feet tall and contained at least 127 columns.


The third temple stood for approximately 600 years. It was never rebuilt after being destroyed by the Goths in 268 A.D.


One of the reasons it was not rebuilt was that the cost of construction would have been prohibitively expensive.


Some of the columns in Hagia Sophia (a church in Istanbul, Turkey) are thought to have been part of the Temple of Artemis.


The temple's former location is now a swamp.


In 401 A.D., St. John Chrysostom had the temple demolished.


The British Museum in London, England, houses remnants of the temple.

Facts about Folic Acid

 

Folic acid, also known as folate, is a B vitamin (vitamin B9) that is required in the human diet. Because it is an essential vitamin, humans cannot produce it and must obtain it through their diet. Folic acid is essential for many bodily functions, most notably the formation and repair of DNA, as well as its participation in other biological reactions. It is also necessary for the formation of new cells, and is especially necessary for the production of healthy red blood cells.

Folic acid is so important to human health that it is found in a variety of foods, particularly breakfast cereal. Fortification is the process of adding vitamins to other foods. As a result, fortified cereal is one that has been fortified with vitamins.

Folic acid derives its name from the Latin word folium, which means "leaf." This is due to the fact that leafy vegetables are high in folic acid.

A lack of folic acid (also known as a deficiency) can result in a variety of problems (called symptoms). Diarrhea, weakness, shortness of breath, nerve damage, mental confusion, forgetfulness, depression, sore or swollen tongue, headaches, irregular heartbeats (called palpitations), irritability, and small sores in the mouth and stomach are some of the symptoms (called ulcers).

Folic acid deficiency can also lead to a decrease in the number of red blood cells in the body. Anemia is the medical term for this condition. A macrocytic anemia is a type of anemia caused by folic acid deficiency. Because the term "macrocytic" refers to "large cells," a lack of folic acid results in low levels of red blood cells, and the individual red blood cells are extremely large.

Folic acid deficiency in a pregnant mother can result in a variety of problems for the developing baby. The most serious of these, known as neural tube defects, can cause problems with brain and spinal cord development.

Because folic acid is so important for rapidly growing and dividing cells, many cancer drugs are designed to interfere with it. These drugs slow or stop the growth of cancer cells, but they also affect healthy cells and have numerous side effects.

Leafy vegetables (spinach, asparagus, turnip greens, lettuce, and some Asian vegetables) are high in folic acid, but there are many other sources, including legumes (beans, peas, lentils), egg yolks, baker's yeast, sunflower seeds, liver, kidneys, and fortified grains (pasta, cereal, bread).

Some foods contain moderate amounts of folic acid, such as oranges, pineapple, cantaloupe, honeydew, grapefruit, banana, raspberry, and strawberries. Beets, corn, tomato juice, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, romaine lettuce, and bok choy all have more moderate amounts.

The most important time for a woman who wants to become pregnant is to start taking folic acid a few months before conception.

Folic acid has been studied for its potential role in the prevention of heart disease, stroke, depression, behavioral issues, and age-related eye problems. It has also been studied in the fight against cancer, anemia, and other diseases.