Facts about Sea Kale


Sea kale is a flowering plant in the cabbage family. It grows naturally along Europe's Atlantic Ocean coast (and stretches all the way to the Black sea). Sea kale grows in moist, salty soil along sandy and rocky coasts and cliffs. It requires a lot of sunlight to grow and develop properly. For thousands of years, humans have consumed sea kale. Cultivation of this plant began in the 17th century and continued until the outbreak of World War II. Even though it is still used as food in some areas, sea kale is now primarily grown for ornamental purposes.

Sea kale appears as a small bush. It has a height and width of 3 feet.

The leaves of sea kale are fleshy and deeply lobed, with wavy margins. They are green with purple veins and smooth to the touch.

Sea kale has white flowers that grow in dense terminal clusters. Flowers have both kinds of reproductive organs (perfect flowers).

From June to August, sea kale blooms. The fragrant flowers filled with nectar attract bees, wasps, and butterflies, which pollinate this plant.

The sea kale fruit is a pod filled with seeds.

Sea kale grows from seeds, division, and root cuttings. Sea kale matures 100 days after sowing when grown from seed, but its nutritional value isn't optimal until the third season.

Sea kale is high in dietary fiber, vitamin C, iodine, and sulfur.

The young, fleshy, white root of sea kale has a sweetish flavor and more starch than potato. It can be eaten raw or cooked. Some sea kale varieties' roots can be used in place of horseradish.

Sea kale leaves have a kale-like flavor (hence the name). They can be eaten raw as salad greens or cooked as spinach.

Sea kale leaf stalks are crisp and have a slightly bitter, hazelnut-like flavor. They can be eaten raw or cooked in the same way that asparagus is. Fresh leaf stalks must be consumed soon after harvesting due to their short lifespan.

Sea kale's young flower stalks and flower buds have a broccoli-like flavor. They are prepared and consumed in the same manner as broccoli.

During their long sea voyages, the ancient Romans consumed sea kale (to prevent scurvy). Root, unlike leaf stalks, is non-perishable and can be stored for later use.

Cattle, sheep, pigs, and poultry can all benefit from eating sea kale.

Sea kale regulates hormone levels in the body, boosts the immune system, stimulates metabolism and urination, and improves digestion and kidney function. It can be used to gain weight due to its high starch content.

Sea kale is a perennial plant that can live for 10 to 12 years.

Facts about Wilma Rudolph


Wilma Rudolph was an Olympic champion sprinter from the United States. Wilma Glodean Rudolph was born on June 23, 1940, in Saint Bethlehem, Tennessee, to parents Ed and Blanche. She was the twentieth of her father's two wives' 22 children. Wilma had pneumonia and scarlet fever as a child, followed by polio, which caused her left foot and leg to lose strength. As a result, she was disabled for the majority of her childhood. She had overcome the effects of polio by the age of 12 and no longer needed a brace or orthopedic shoe. At Bert High School, she was introduced to sports and began playing basketball and then track.

Ed Temple, Tennessee State's track and field coach, noticed Wilma while she was playing basketball for her high school team. He invited her to participate in the summer training program, and she agreed. She continued to train under Temple's supervision for the remainder of her high school career.

Wilma qualified for the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, Australia, at the age of 16. She was the team's youngest member, and she and Margaret Matthews, Mae Faggs, and Isabelle Daniels won bronze in the 4 x 100 meter relay.

Wilma Rudolph enrolled at Tennessee State in 1958, allowing her to continue working with Temple.

Wilma won a silver medal in the 100 meter individual event at the 1959 Pan American Games. She also took gold in the 4 x 100m relay.

Wilma Rudolph won the AAU 100-meter title in 1959 and held it for the next four years. Throughout her athletic career, she also won three indoor AAU championships.

Wilma competed in the Summer Olympics in Rome, Italy in 1960. She took gold in three events: the 4 x 100 meter relay, the 100 meter sprint, and the 200 meter sprint.

Wilma Rudolph became the first African American female athlete to win three Olympic gold medals in a single Games.

Wilma was dubbed "The Tornado - the Fastest Woman on Earth" due to her Olympic record of 23.2 seconds in the opening heat of the 200 meter.

Wilma Rudolph was praised for her athletic abilities and achievements, as well as her poise and beauty in public.

When Wilma returned to Clarksville after the 1960s Olympics, she was honored with a day of festivities that included a parade and a banquet. She insisted on full integration, and 1100 people attended the banquet.

In 1961, a documentary titled 'Wilma Rudolph: Olympic Champion' was produced.

Wilma turned to teaching and coaching after retiring from track and field.

Wilma Rudolph's autobiography, titled 'Wilma: The Story of Wilma Rudolph,' was published in 1977. Wilma has been the subject of more than 21 books.

Wilma had two marriages and two divorces. She had four kids.

Wilma worked as a sports commentator on television during the 1984 Summer Olympics.

How did Wilma Rudolph die? In 1994, Wilma was diagnosed with brain cancer. She was also suffering from throat cancer. She passed away on November 12, 1994. She was 54 years old.

Facts about Dongo Drums


Bongo drums are a type of percussion instrument that is thought to have originated in both African and Cuban cultures. Bongo drums are two drums that are connected and played together. The larger drum is known as the hembra (female) in Spanish, and it is connected to the smaller drum, known as the macho (male) in Spanish. The general idea is that the bongo drums are Cuban in origin but African in concept due to design influences. Bongo drumming appears to have gained popularity in the late 1800s in Cuba in the Son and Changui music styles.

The bongo drums are thought to have originated in the late 1800s in Cuba's eastern region, in the Oriente Province. The bongo drum made its way to Cuba's western region, Havana, in the 1900s, with Son style music.

Bongo drums have an open bottom, similar to Bantu or Congo drums from central Africa, and are thought to have been influenced by African drum design.

Bongo drum heads vary in size but are typically between 6 and 7 inches and 7 and 8.5 inches.

Bongo drum heads for children are typically 5 to 6 inches in diameter.

The drummer usually holds the bongos between their legs when playing them. The position of the bongos is determined by the player, but the technique of striking the bongos is the same: the drummer strikes with their finger pads, thumbs, and heels of the hand, never their knuckles.

Drum oils are required to keep the skin of the bongo from drying out and cracking. This cracking can occur as a result of air drying out the skin and hands absorbing the oils, robbing the drum skin of moisture.

The majority of bongos are made of wood, with drum skins made of animal skin or plastic. Instead of wood, the body is sometimes made of ceramic or metal.

Bongos are sometimes mounted on a stand and struck with drum sticks rather than hands.

The drum skin, shell, lugs, tuning ring, bearing edge, and center block or bridge are all components of the bongo drum.

Tuning bongo drum skins was traditionally done with heat, but in the 1940s, tuning lugs were added to the bongo design, allowing the instrument to be tuned without the use of heat.

Because of the popularity of Cuban big band music, which gained international attention when it was introduced, bongo drums have become the world's most common hand drum.

Bongoseros are musicians who play the bongo drums.

Augustin Gutierrez, Antolin Suarez, Pedro Mena, Jose Manuel Carriera Incharte, Romanocito Castro, Armando Peraza, Chino Pozo, and Ralph Marzan, among many others, are famous bongoseros who helped bring the bongos to international attention.

Both James Dean and Marlon Brando, Hollywood legends, learned to play the bongos from master bongosero and teacher Jack Costanzo.

Facts about Okefenokee Swamp


The Okefenokee Swamp is a 700-square-mile wetland in the United States, located in the state of Georgia's south-eastern corner, along the Florida/Georgia border. The swamp is thought to have formed around 6,500 years ago, when peat accumulated in the shallow basin. The name 'Okefenokee' is thought to have come from the indigenous Creek people who lived in the area. It is thought to mean 'Waters Shaking,' rather than the original translation of 'Land of Trembling Earth,' which was previously thought to be correct. Cypress swamps, floating peat mats, winding natural waterways, shrubs, forests, and a high sand ridge can all be found in the Okefenokee Swamp.

The Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge and Okefenokee Wilderness protect the majority of Okefenokee Swamp from human destruction.

The Okefenokee Swamp is the largest blackwater swamp in North America. A blackwater swamp is one that has been darkly stained by vegetation decay, giving it the appearance of black tea or coffee.

Okefenokee Swamp was designated a National Natural Landmark in 1974.

Swampers are people who have lived in the Okefenokee Swamps region for a long time.

The Okefenokee Swamp is home to a wide variety of wildlife, including birds, reptiles, and amphibians. The swamp region is home to approximately 400 vertebrate species, 60 reptile species, and 200 bird species.

The Okefenokee Swamp is home to a large number of American alligators.

The Okefenokee Swamp is home to the Florida black bear, as well as herons, egrets, bitterns, cranes, woodpeckers, toads, frogs, snakes, turtles, and lizards.

The Okefenokee Swamp has 120 miles of water trails for boaters and paddlers to enjoy. The majority of the swamp is 2 to 10 feet deep.

Beginning in 1910, the Okefenokee Swamp was logged for its very old cypress, red bay, and pine trees for nearly 25 years. President Franklin D. Roosevelt put a stop to it in 1937 by prohibiting logging in the area.

It is estimated that 400,000 tourists visit Okefenokee Swamp each year.

The Suwannee Sill Recreation Area in Fargo, Stephen C. Foster State Park in Fargo, Kingfisher Landing in Race Pond, and Suwannee Canal Recreation Area in Folkston are the four public entrances to the Okefenokee Swamps.

Visitors to the Okefenokee Swamps can also gain access near Waycross, Georgia, at the privately owned Okefenokee Swamp Park.

DuPont abandoned their mineral rights in the area in 2000. They had planned a titanium mining operation that would last 50 years, but government protests and opposition forced them to donate the land. The Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge received 7000 acres of the 16,000 acres donated, while The Conservation Fund kept the rest.

Wildfires have ravaged Okefenokee Swamp in recent years, most notably in 2007, when two wildfires merged and burned more than 600,000 acres in the area. The Bugaboo Scrub Fire was the name given to this fire.

In 2011, a new fire broke out, scorching much of the area once more.

Facts about Jeju Island


Jeju Island is a volcanic island in South Korea's Korea Strait. It is located southwest of South Jeolla Province, 53 miles from the Korean peninsula's tip. It was a part of South Jeolla Province until 1946, when it became a separate province. The island was originally known as 'Cheju.' Jeju City is the capital of Jeju Island, just as New York City is the capital of New York State. Jeju Island was formed by lava from Halla Mountain approximately 2 million years ago.

Hallasan (Halla Mountain), South Korea's highest peak, is located on Jeju Island. The mountain's peak resembles a massive crater.

It's a popular honeymoon destination for newlywed Koreans. It has stunning beaches and waterfalls that will take your breath away. It's a tropical haven.

Jeju Island is one of nine provinces in South Korea.

The island has a temperate climate. Even in the winter, temperatures rarely drop below freezing.

When the lava erupting from the volcano cooled, it formed lava tubes, which formed a lava cave system. This cave system, along with Halla Mountain and Seongsan Sunrise Peak, contributed to the island's designation as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007. It is known as Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes.

Hallasan Mountain on Jeju Island is a dormant volcano. It is located at an elevation of 1,950 meters above sea level. The volcano last erupted approximately 800 years ago. It is thought to have formed around 25,000 years ago.

A lake exists within the crater of Hallasan Mountain. Baengnokdam is the name of the crater.

Jeju Island is also known as the "Hawaii of Korea." It is also known as Samdado, which translates as "three abundances island." This refers to three abundances: wind, rocks, and women. The women are said to be very attractive.

There are stone statues called 'dolharubang,' which translates to'stone grandfather.' In 1750, the first was carved from lava rock. These life-sized statues depict helmet-wearing men. There are 45 of these statues left today. In 1971, the Jeju-mok statue was designated as the island's mascot.

Mongolians used it as a horse training ground in the 11th century. It was later used as a prison and a fort to protect against Japanese pirates.

During the Koran War, many refugees sought refuge on the island.

It wasn't until the 1960s and 1970s that it became a popular tourist destination.

Jeju Island is Korea's smallest province.

Jeju Island is Korea's largest island. It covers a total area of 1,846 square kilometers.

More plants have been recorded growing at Mt. Hallasan National Park than on any other mountain. Only 33 of these plants can be found on this mountain.

There are 947 insect species on Jeju Island. It also has 8 different reptiles, 8 different amphibians, 198 different bird species, and over 17 mammals.

Jeju Island is one of the New Seven Natural Wonders of the World. This list was compiled using data from a global pole taken between 2007 and 2011.

Facts about Warthog


The warthog is a type of pig. This animal can only be found in Africa, south of the Sahara. Warthogs can be found in arid and moist savannas, open plains, and grasslands. Unlike most animals, warthogs can survive for several months to a year in areas with no water supply. Droughts and hunting are the two most serious threats to warthog survival. Warthogs are not currently listed as an endangered species.

Warthogs can grow to be 4 to 6 feet long and weigh between 110 and 260 pounds. Males weigh 20 to 50 pounds more than females.

Warthogs get their name from the wart-like bumps on their large, elongated face.

Warthogs can range in color from grey to black. The bristles on their skin are sparse. Warthogs, like horses, have manes.

Warthogs have two sets of tusks. Upper tusks are longer and curve inward toward one another. They are used in fights during the mating season as well as for predator protection.

Warthogs have a long tail with a tuft at the end. When running, warthogs maintain an upright position with their tails. In that position, the tail appears to be a flag in the wind.

Warthogs can run up to 30 miles per hour despite their appearance.

Lions and leopards are the primary predators of warthogs. To protect themselves from predators, warthogs will hide in an underground hole and expose their sharp tusks.

Warthogs have a frightening appearance, but they are very peaceful and will avoid conflict whenever possible.

The warthog eats grass and digs for underground tubers, bulbs, and roots with its long snout.

Warthogs have padded knees that allow them to eat grass while kneeling.

Warthog has poor vision but excellent smell and hearing.

Warthogs make a variety of sounds (depending on the occasion). Males make grunting sounds during mating season. When threatened, warthogs squeal to alert the rest of the group to the impending danger.

Warthogs live in small groups of females and their offspring. The sounder is a group of warthogs.

Males live alone. They only join the group during mating season.

Warthogs mate at the end of the rainy season or at the start of the dry season. Pregnancy lasts 5 to 6 months and results in four babies. Females have four teats, but each baby only uses one. Even if one baby dies, other babies cannot take the "free" teat.

Young warthogs drink milk for four months, but they begin eating grass as soon as they reach the age of two months. Children will remain with their mother until the next litter is born.

In the wild, warthogs have an average lifespan of 15 years.

Facts about Guadeloupe


Guadeloupe is a group of nine Caribbean islands and an overseas department of France. Christopher Columbus was the first European to set foot on Guadeloupe in 1493. He named it after the Virgin Mary's image in a monastery in Guadalupe, Extremadura, Santa Maria de Guadalupe de Extremadura. When Columbus briefly visited Guadeloupe, the Caribs (indigenous people) inhabited the area, and when Spanish settlers attempted to take over in the 1600s, the Caribs repelled them. The French took control in 1674, but the British regained control several times over the next 100 years. Guadeloupe was returned to France at the end of the Seven Years War in 1763. Control of Guadeloupe shifted hands several times over the next two centuries as a result of various invasions and rebellions. It became a French overseas department in 1946.

Guadeloupe is in the Caribbean, bordered to the north by Antigua and Barbuda and to the south by Dominica.

Prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus, Guadeloupe was known as 'Karukera,' which translates as 'The Island of Beautiful Waters.'

Slavery did not end in Guadeloupe until May 28, 1848. For many years, it had been a major issue in the country.

Guadeloupe consists of several islands. The two main ones are Grande-Terre and Basse-Terre, also known as the twin islands. A narrow channel separates these two islands.

Guadeloupe also includes the islands of La Desirade, Marie-Galante, Iles des Saintes (two islands), Iles de la Petite Terre, and a portion of Saint Martin.

Basse-Terre is Guadeloupe's capital city. It has a population of about 12,750 people.

Guadeloupe's largest city, Pointe-a-Pitre, has a population of around 133,000 people.

Guadeloupe has a population of approximately 405,500 people.

Guadeloupe uses the Euro as its currency because it is a French overseas department.

Guadeloupe has a total land area of 687 square miles, of which 659 square miles are land.

The best time to visit Guadeloupe for tourists is when it is warm and dry, which is usually between December and May. It is especially hot, humid, and rainy between July and November.

Guadeloupe is thought to have some of the best scuba diving sites in the world.

Guadeloupe's official language is French, but Creole is also widely spoken and is considered the island's unofficial second language.

On the island of Basse-Terre in Guadeloupe, there is an active volcano called La Soufriere.

The agricultural industry in Guadeloupe produces eggplant, bananas, cocoa, gourds, sugar cane, pomegranates, and jackfruit.

When Christopher Columbus visited Guadeloupe, he thought he had 'discovered' pineapples. They had been growing in South America for centuries. The pineapple was given the name 'pina de Indias,' which translates as 'pine cone of the Indies.'

Guadeloupe dishes frequently include seafood, and curry is used in some dishes.

Because of its location, Guadeloupe is vulnerable to hurricanes. Okeechobee killed thousands of people in 1929.

Over the last century, tropical storms and hurricanes have destroyed many crops in Guadeloupe.

Guadeloupe's famous 'biguine' dance is a Creole dance that is still performed in colorful costumes.

Facts about Mt. Kilauea


Kilauea is one of the five volcanoes that make up the Hawaiian island of Oahu. Kilauea, the most active of the five volcanoes, is an active volcano. It has been continuously erupting since 1983. Kilauea is thought to be 300,000 to 600,000 years old. It is located on Hawaii's south shore and is thought to have reached sea level 100,000 years ago. Kilauea is a Hawaiian word that means "much spreading" or "spewing," and it was given this name because of its frequent lava flows. The majority of the lava on Kilauea is less than 1000 years old. Kilauea's first well-documented eruption occurred in 1823, but evidence indicates that there were numerous explosive eruptions prior to this date.

Kilauea is a shield volcano, which means it has a broad, gently sloping cone resembling a warrior's shield. Shield volcanoes are the world's largest volcanoes.

Kilauea is one of Hawaii's five volcanoes. Kohala, Hualalai, Mauna Loa, and Mauna Kea are the other four.

Kohola is the oldest volcano on Hawaii Island, dating back more than a million years, while Kilauea is the youngest, dating back between 300,000 and 600,000 years.

In 1790, an eruption killed at least 80 people. These people were Native Hawaiians and were thought to be a warrior party. In Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, you can see their footprints.

Kilauea has only been dormant for 18 years, between 1934 and 1952, since its 1918 eruption.

Kilauea's summit caldera measures 2 miles by 2 miles. It has 400-foot-high walls. According to estimates, the caldera began to form around 500 years ago.

Kilauea's caldera is thought to be the home of the Hawaiian volcano goddess Pele.

Kilauea has had 61 different eruptions since 1823.

Kilauea occupies about 14% of Hawaii's Big Island.

Kilauea was once thought to be a part of the massive Mauna Loa volcano, but that theory was disproven because it has its own conduit and vent system.

Kilauea's eruptions have destroyed over 200 structures. The Royal Gardens subdivision, the visitor center at Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, and many buildings in Kalapana were all destroyed by the lava flowing from Kilauea.

Kilauea began its most destructive period since 1823 in March 1990, covering a church, a store, and more than 100 homes with 50 to 80 feet of lava.

Franklin D. Roosevelt was the first US president to visit Kilauea's caldera in July 1934. While in Kilauea's caldera, he offered ohelo berries to Pele, the Volcano Goddess. Kilauea erupted in September of the same year.

Kilauea erupted in 1959, shooting lava 1900 feet into the air like a fountain. The lava fountain was three times the height of the Washington Monument.

Kilauea's 1983 eruption destroyed many homes and closed highways, but no one was killed.

Kilauea's lava flow threatened to destroy the Hawaiian town of Pahoa in 2014, but the flow stopped short of the town, and the threat appeared to be greatly reduced by 2015.

Despite the dangers associated with its eruptions, Kilauea remains a popular tourist destination.