Facts about Marimba


The marimba is a percussion instrument that looks similar to the xylophone but is larger in size. It differs from the xylophone in that it has a wider compass and lower register, as well as resonators. The marimba's wood bars are thinner than those of a xylophone. As a result, the sound becomes deeper and darker. The marimba did not become popular among musicians and composers until the 1950s, but it has since surpassed the xylophone in a variety of musical applications. Earlier versions of the marimba date back centuries to Latin America and African slaves, but the current version used in orchestras and modern music was adapted from the earlier designs in the 1900s in Europe and the United States.

The term "marimba" comes from the Bantu language spoken in Mozambique and Malawi. The word'ma' means 'a large number of objects,' and the word 'rimba' means 'a single-bar xylophone.'

A marimba player or a marimbist is a musician who plays the marimba.

In some countries, the word "phone" is added to the word "marimba," and the instrument is referred to as a marimbaphone.

The marimba's frame is usually made of metal, but in some cases it is made of wood. The frame is supported by wheels.

The marimba has two rows of wood bars, usually spaced about 4cm apart in height.

The marimba's bars are made of wood and are arranged on the frame in accordance with their size. The wood bars have holes drilled in one end to allow string to be threaded through to secure the bars.

The marimba's bars rest on pegs mounted on the frame, allowing them to vibrate when struck with the mallet.

The number of bars used to make a marimba is determined by the range.

Rosewood is a popular material for marimba bars. If the marimba bar is too hard, it can be broken with a mallet.

The pitch of the bars on a marimba is determined by the length, thickness, and density of the bar. When struck, the width has no effect on the pitch of the bar.

When tuning an instrument quickly, a lump of wax can be added to a bar. Other methods of tuning include adding or removing wood or other material. In some cases, filing material off the end of the bar is required to produce the correct pitch.

The mallet used to play the marimba is different depending on the sound desired. The marimba mallets are classified according to their hardness: hard, medium, or soft. Mallet heads are typically made of rubber, plastic, or wood. Typically, they are wrapped in yarn.

Jazz, ensembles, concertos, marching bands, bugle and drum corps, orchestras, and Latin music all make use of marimbas.

The marimba was played by Brian Jones in the Rolling Stones' songs Out of Time and Under My Thumb.

Facts about Golden Gate Bridge


The Golden Gate Bridge connects the San Francisco Peninsula's northern tip to Marin County. This suspension bridge is a well-known landmark in San Francisco, California. It spans the Golden Gate, which connects San Francisco Bay to the Pacific Ocean. It was completed in four years and opened to traffic in 1937. The bridge itself was thought to be impossible to construct, but it was completed after nearly 100 years of debate. It is now considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World.

According to Frommer's Travel Guide, it is "possibly the most beautiful, certainly the most photographed bridge in the world."

Prior to the construction of the Golden Gate Bridge, the only way to cross the bay was by boat. A ferry operated from about 1820 to 1867, but full ferry service did not begin until 1867. By the 1920s, this ferry company was the world's largest of its kind.

Depending on which route was taken, the ferry ride took between 20 and 27 minutes. If there is no traffic, it is possible to drive across the bridge in 10 minutes. To increase safety and reduce traffic accidents, the speed limit is only 45mph.

Many people believed that a bridge across the bay could not be built. There were strong winds, tides and currents, and deep water that would make such a project impossible.

Despite these reservations, construction began in January 1933, and the bridge was completed on May 28, 1937. It only took four years to construct.

Eleven men were killed while building the Golden Gate Bridge.

Despite its name, the Golden Gate Bridge is actually orange. This color was chosen because it was thought to blend well with the surroundings. The color also improves visibility for boaters.

It is thought that the harbour was given the name 'Golden Gate' because it reminded a US army Captain of a harbor in Istanbul. It was dubbed the "Golden Horn."

The Golden Gate Bridge is one of the modern world's seven wonders.

The bridge's total length is 8,981 feet. It is 746 feet above sea level.

Two cables support the roadway. These cables are made up of 27,572 wire strands that run through the two main towers. They are then anchored in concrete at both ends.

The bridge towers contain approximately 1.2 million rivets, 600,000 in each.

The bridge's suspension span is 4,200 feet, making it the longest suspension bridge until New York City's Verrazano Narrows Bridge opened in 1964.

It would cost approximately $1.2 billion to build the bridge today.

It is estimated that over 1.9 billion cars and vehicles have crossed San Francisco Bay via the Golden Gate Bridge.

On either side, there are six lanes and walkways.

It has the unfortunate distinction of being the world's second most common suicide site.

On February 26, 1976, the Golden Gate Bridge graced the cover of Rolling Stone Magazine. It served as the stage for five well-known rock stars of the time.

Facts about Beef


Beef refers to cattle meat, which includes cows, steers, heifers, calves, and bulls. It is classified according to where it is extracted from the animal. Beef can be prepared as steak, roasts, ribs, or hamburger ground. When an animal is processed as beef, it is estimated that 98% of the animal is used, resulting in little waste. While only 45% is used to make beef, the remainder is used to make leather, glue, soap, gelatin, insulin, and pharmaceutical drugs. According to estimates, every adult American consumes at least 65 pounds of beef per year.

Cattle descended from the aurochs, a wild animal that originated in India and spread throughout the world.

Aurochs were domesticated in Europe around 10,000 years ago.

Domestication began with pigs, sheep, dogs, and goats before the aurochs.

Aurochs can be seen in French cave paintings.

A cow is an adult female who has had at least one calf.

A male animal is a bull.

A steer is a male animal that has been rendered incapable of reproducing.

A heifer is a female who has not yet given birth to a calf.

Veal refers to calves that are raised to weigh between 475 and 500 pounds.

Cattle were previously raised for labor as well as for meat and byproducts.

Cattle are raised all over the world, often in areas that are unsuitable for farming due to the terrain.

Filet mignon, sirloin steak, rump steak, and rib eye steak are all popular beef steaks.

Beef can be labeled as Certified Angus Beef, Certified Hereford Beef, Grass-fed Beef, Kobe Beef, Kosher Beef, or Organic Beef.

Beef can be graded according to quality in the United States, as U.S. Prime, United States Choice, United States Select, United States Standard, United States Commercial, United States Utility, United States Cutter, and United States Canner.

Grilling, barbecuing, broiling, griddling, roasting, frying, dehydrated, braised, stewed, sous-vide, smoked, cured, or corned are all ways to prepare beef.

Beef is sometimes consumed raw, as in steak tartare, a French dish, or filet americain, a Belgian dish, or kibbeh nayyeh, a Lebanese dish.

Pastrami, beef jerky, biltong, bresaola, and spiced beef can all be made from beef.

The Hindu religion considers cattle slaughter and beef consumption to be sinful. They place a high value on the cow's milk.

Red meat consumption has been linked to a variety of health issues, including cancer, cardiovascular disease, coronary artery disease, and mad cow disease.

Beef product recalls are common due to E. coli contamination. Coli. In humans, contamination and infection can be fatal.

Cattle have a single stomach divided into four compartments. They can now consume and digest grasses because of this.

Each year, cattle farming produces approximately 25 billion pounds of beef.

Beef is the third most popular meat consumed by humans worldwide, trailing only pork and poultry.

Cattle farms are thought to contribute to greenhouse gas emissions and have a negative impact on the global environment.

Facts about Hibiscus


Hibiscus, also known as rose mallow, is a species of plant in the mallow family. There are over 200 hibiscus species found in warm and tropical regions around the world. Hibiscus grows best in sunny, well-drained soil. This plant is best known for its lovely flowers. Hibiscus is typically grown for ornamental purposes, but it can also be used in the human diet, as a treatment for various disorders, and as a source of natural dyes. Wild hibiscus is an important source of food for the larvae of certain insects. Due to habitat loss and disease, several Hawaiian hibiscus species are endangered or extremely rare in the wild.

Hibiscus can grow as an evergreen bush or a small tree, depending on the species (that can reach up to 15 feet in height).

Hibiscus has toothed, green lanceolate leaves. On the branches, the leaves are alternately arranged.

Hibiscus produces large, trumpet-shaped flowers that lack scent. A flower has five or more petals that can be white, yellow, orange, purple, pink, red, or blue. It has both male and female reproductive organs (stamen and pistil).

Hibiscus flowers are primarily pollinated by bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds.

Hibiscus is known as the "shoe flower" in China because it is used to polish shoes.

Polynesians make grass skirts out of fibers derived from the bark of the hibiscus tree.

When women in Tahiti and Hawaii want to announce that they are single and ready for marriage, they place a hibiscus flower behind their right ear. Hibiscus is worn behind the left ear by married women.

Hibiscus flowers are a rich source of natural dyes that are used in the food industry. Women in China use hibiscus flower dyes to color their brows and hair.

Hibiscus flowers have a citrus flavor. They can be used to make soups, chutneys, salads, curries, jellies, and jams. Hibiscus leaves can be boiled and used in dishes that would normally use spinach.

Tea is the most popular hibiscus beverage (made of dry flowers). Aside from its pleasant taste, hibiscus tea is a good source of vitamin C.

According to some medical studies, hibiscus tea lowers blood pressure and cholesterol levels.

Homemade shampoo can be made from crushed hibiscus leaves and flowers.

Hibiscus cannabinus is a hibiscus species used in the paper industry.

China and Thailand are the world's largest hibiscus producers.

Hibiscus grows as an annual (plant that completes its life cycle in one year) or perennial (plant that lives for more than two years) plant, depending on the species.

Facts about Oncilla


The Oncilla, or little spotted cat, is South America's smallest wild cat. Oncilla subspecies are found in Costa Rica, Ecuador, Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay, Venezuela, Guyana, and Argentina. Oncilla can be found in mountain forests, subtropical forests, and semi-arid areas with elevations above 4900 feet. Oncilla were overhunted in the second half of the twentieth century due to their beautiful fur. Another factor threatening oncilla survival is habitat loss. Oncilla is rarely seen in the wild, but it is not currently listed as an endangered species.

Oncilla is a small cat that can grow to be 15.7 to 21.7 inches long and weigh 3.3 to 6.6 pounds. The tail is slightly shorter than the body, measuring 9.8 to 15.7 inches in length.

Oncilla's body is covered in beautiful fur that can be tan or ochre in color. Dark rosettes cover the upper side of the body. The lower half of the body is pale and has only a few spots. The tail is covered in black rings and has a black tip.

Approximately one-fifth of all oncillas are completely black. This type of oncilla prefers to live in densely forested areas.

Oncilla has a slim build, a narrow muzzle, round ears, and round eyes with prominent golden irises.

Oncilla is a skilled climber who spends much of its time in the trees (partial arboreal life). The tail is used for balance as it moves through the treetops.

Oncilla is active at dusk and at night (crepuscular animal) (nocturnal animal).

Oncilla is a solitary creature that only congregates with other oncillas during mating season.

Oncilla, unlike many other cat species, is an excellent swimmer.

Oncilla eats meat (meat-eater). It eats small mammals (including rodents and primates), birds, lizards, invertebrates, and eggs.

In order to communicate, Oncilla makes a variety of sounds. When young animals meet, they make a characteristic purring sound, whereas adult animals make a gurgling sound.

At the age of 2 or 2.5 years, Oncilla reaches sexual maturity. Oncilla's mating season occurs in the spring and summer.

Female pregnancy lasts 74 to 76 days and results in 1 to 3 kittens.

Young ocelots lack development. They open their eyes between the ages of 8 and 17 days after birth. All teeth will erupt at the same time 21 days after birth. Young oncilla will be ready to eat solid food 38 to 56 days after birth.

Oncilla can mate with other cat species, including Geoffroy's cat and the pumpus cat. Kittens born are hybrids (genetically mixed species). The number of pure oncillas in the wild is decreasing as a result of this type of breeding.

In the wild, oncilla have an average lifespan of 11 years. Although captive oncilla has a high mortality rate (particularly in young animals), it can live for up to 17 years if kept in the right conditions.

Facts about Flag Day


Every year on June 14th, the United States celebrates Flag Day. The United States flag was adopted by the Second Continental Congress on June 14, 1777. Flag Day was not officially declared until 1916, by Woodrow Wilson, the president of the United States at the time. National Flag Day was established by Congress in 1949, but it is not a federal holiday. In 1937, Pennsylvania became the first state to declare Flag Day an official state holiday. The week of June 14th is designated as National Flag Week in the United States, and the president of the United States encourages Americans to fly the American flag throughout the week via proclamation.

It is believed that the idea of celebrating Flag Day in the United States came from a teacher in Wisconsin in 1885.

The colors of the American flag have symbolic significance. The color red represents bravery and toughness. Blue represents justice, endurance, and vigilance. White represents innocence and purity.

The American flag is sometimes referred to as "Old Glory." Captain William Driver coined the phrase in 1831. He was a shipmaster from Salem, Massachusetts, who named the flag Old Glory after receiving one from friends.

The American flag is also known as the 'Stars and Stripes,' a popular nickname referring to the flag's design.

The American flag's design has changed 27 times.

There are guidelines for displaying the American flag. They are as follows: 1) display the flag from sunrise to sunset - if displayed at night, it should be illuminated; 2) the flag should never touch the floor or ground; 3) when displayed on a window or wall, the blue field should be in the upper left hand corner; 4) when raising the flag, it should be done quickly, and when lowering it, it should be done ceremoniously.

Despite the rule that the American flag is raised at sunrise and lowered at sunset, it is flown 24 hours a day at several locations, as required by law or presidential proclamation.

On the moon, there are six American flags. The flags were planted on the moon by Apollo crews 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, and 17.

Despite the fact that Flag Day is not a federal holiday, many communities across the country celebrate the American flag with parades and festivals.

Flag Day coincides with the birthday of the United States Army.

The oldest continuous Flag Day parade in the United States is held in Fairfield, Washington. Since 1909, the parade has been held every year except 1918.

Troy, New York hosts the largest Flag Day parade. This parade is attended by an estimated 50,000 people each year. Other major parades take place in Quincy, Massachusetts, and Three Oaks, Michigan.

The National Flag Day Foundation holds Flag Day ceremonies on the second Sunday of June, which include a ceremonial flag raising, recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance, singing of America's national anthem, a parade, and other activities.

Facts about Garrett Morgan


Garrett Morgan, an African-American inventor, invented the first gas mask as well as the first traffic device with a warning position. Garrett Augustus Morgan was born on March 4, 1877 in Claysville, Kentucky, to former slaves Elizabeth Reed and Sydney Morgan. Garrett had only completed sixth grade when he moved to Cincinnati, Ohio at the age of 16 in search of work. He hired a tutor and continued his education while in Cincinnati. In 1895, he moved to Cleveland and learned to repair sewing machines, which led him to learn how things work and paved the way for him to invent.

Garrett opened his own sewing machine and shoe repair shop in 1907.

Garrett was a founding member of the Cleveland Association of Colored Men in 1908.

In 1909, Garret and his wife opened a ladies clothing store.

Garrett began working on his own inventions in 1910.

Garrett's breathing invention assisted him in rescuing workers trapped in a water intake tunnel beneath Lake Erie in 1916. A newspaper published an article about him. In 1912, this smoke hood was completed.

Garrett established the G.A. in 1913. Morgan Hair Refining Corporation He marketed his own patented hair strengthening cream, a hair straightening comb, and hair color.

Garrett applied for a patent for a traffic control device with a warning position in 1922. He sold his patent rights to General Electric for $40,000 in cash.

Garrett was the first African-American in Cleveland, Ohio, to own a car.

Garrett received the First Grand Prize Gold Medal at the Second International Exposition of Sanitation and Safety in New York City.

Facts about Nebraska


Nebraska is a state in the Midwest of the United States. It borders Colorado, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, South Dakota, and Wyoming. With 77,354 square miles, Nebraska is the 16th largest state. With approximately 1,868,516 residents, it is the 37th most populous state and the 43rd most densely populated state. Nebraska's region was inhabited by various Native tribes for thousands of years prior to European settlement, including the Omaha, Otoe, Pawnee, Ponca, and Missouria. The area was not heavily settled until after the 1848 California Gold Rush. Nebraska Territory existed prior to becoming the 37th United States state in 1867.

Nebraska gets its name from an Oto Indian word that means "flat water." This is in reference to the Platte River, which means "flat river" in French.

Nebraska is also known as the Tree Planters State or the Cornhusker State.

Nebraska's state motto is 'Equality before the law.'

'Beautiful Nebraska' is the state song of Nebraska.

Nebraska's state flag, which features the state seal designed by Isaac Wiles in 1867, was adopted in 1925.

Nebraskans are the people who live there.

Lincoln is the state capital, and Omaha is the largest city.

The western meadowlark is Nebraska's state bird, and the honeybee is its state insect.

Nebraska's state mammal is the white-tailed deer, and the state fish is the channel catfish.

The goldenrod is the state flower of Nebraska, and the cottonwood is the state tree.

The state beverage of Nebraska is milk, and the state soft drink is Kool-Aid.

The square dance is the official state dance.

Lake C.W. McConaughty, Lake Harlan County Lake, and Lewis and Clark Lake are among Nebraska's major lakes.

The Republican River, Platte River, Niobrara River, and Missouri River are among Nebraska's major rivers.

Nebraska is made up of 93 counties and 87 state parks.

Sorghum, wheat, soybeans, and corn are among the most important crops grown in Nebraska.

Grain processing, cattle, hogs, meat packing, electronic components, pharmaceuticals, mobile homes, and auto accessories are all major industries in Nebraska.

Gerald Rudolph Ford, the former President of the United States, was born in Omaha in 1913. He was the 38th President of the United States from 1974 to 1977. President.

Nebraska was once known as the "Great American Desert."

Edwin Perkins of Hastings, Nebraska invented Kool-Aid in 1927.

Arbor Day was established in 1872 in Nebraska City.

The Naval Ammunition Depot in Hastings, Nebraska, was the largest ammunition plant in the United States during World War II. During the war, it supplied 40% of the military's ammunition.

The Lied Jungle, the world's largest indoor rainforest, is located in Omaha.

Spam is canned in Fremont, Nebraska.

Marlon Brando's mother taught Henry Fonda acting at Omaha's Community Playhouse.

Hebron, Nebraska is home to the world's largest porch swing. It has a capacity of 25 adults.

In 1882, North Platte, Nebraska hosted Buffalo Bill Cody's first rodeo.

Halsey National Forest, located near Thedford, Nebraska, is the world's largest hand-planted forest.

Nebraska has more river miles than any other state in the United States.

Facts about Metamorphic Rocks


Metamorphic rocks began as another type of rock but have been significantly altered from their original igneous, sedimentary, or earlier metamorphic state. When rocks are subjected to high heat, high pressure, hot mineral-rich fluids, or, more commonly, some combination of these factors, metamorphic rocks form.

Metamorphic rock includes marble and slate.

Over time, extreme pressure and heat combine to form metamorphic rock.

Metamorphic rocks get their name because they always start out as another type of rock.

When slate forms, some of the original rock's clay is replaced by the mineral mica.

Metamorphic rock can form from igneous and sedimentary rock, as well as other types of metamorphic rock.

Magma alters broken down pieces of rock near the Earth's surface during contact metamorphism.

Magma chambers alter rocks buried deep within the Earth during regional metamorphism.

Foliated rocks are metamorphic rocks with parallel bands of grain.

Non-foliated rocks are metamorphic rocks that lack grain arrangement or bands.

Marble is a metamorphic rock that formed from limestone.

Schist is a metamorphic rock that can form from slate, another type of metamorphic rock.

Metamorphic literally means "changed form."

Slate is a metamorphic rock formed by shale, clay, or mudstone.

The Taj Mahal in India is entirely made of various types of marble, a metamorphic rock.

Serpentine is a metamorphic rock that evolved from the igneous rock periodite.

Facts about Jackals


Jackal belongs to the canine species. Africa, the Middle East, India, and the southeastern regions of Europe are all home to it. The Golden Jackal, Side-striped Jackal, and Black-backed Jackal are the three different species of jackals. They vary in terms of size, fur color, and habitat type. Jackals can live in a variety of habitats, including deserts, savannas, grasslands, marshes, woodlands, and mountains. Due to habitat loss and killing, some jackal populations are in danger.

The size of jackals varies by species. Jackals typically weigh between 15 and 35 pounds and stand between 15 and 20 inches tall at the shoulder.

Black fur in shades of golden, rust, or silver covers the jackal's body. The tail of jackals is bushy.

Jackals are flexible feeders. That implies that they will consume whatever is offered. Snakes and other reptiles, smaller gazelles, sheep, insects, fruit, berries, and occasionally even grass are among the prey that jackals enjoy eating.

Occasionally, jackals will consume the remains of animals that were killed by powerful predators.

Jackals can live alone, in a pair, or as a part of a large group known as a pack. Living in a pack ensures protection from predators and cooperative hunting, which results in the larger prey being killed.

Leopards, hyenas, and eagles are the primary predators of jackals. Eagles prey on young animals in particular.

Jackals are a territorial species. They aggressively mark and defend their territory.

Jackals are swift creatures. They can run at 40 miles per hour, but for longer periods of time, they usually only run at 10 miles per hour.

Jackals are extremely vocal creatures. They communicate using a wide range of sounds. Yips, howls, growls, and "owl-like hoots" are among the most notable sounds. When the food is found, a siren-like howl is produced.

Jackals only respond to sounds made by members of their family. All other calls are ignored.

The mating season is determined by the geographic distribution of jackals. Jackals in Africa mate in October, jackals in Southeast Europe mate in December, and jackals in India mate all year.

Jackals have life-long relationships (they are monogamous). Female pregnancy lasts about 2 months and usually results in 2 to 4 cubs. Large litters can have up to 9 cubs.

Babies are born in caves, rock crevices, or underground dens. Mother moves the den every two weeks to keep large predators away from her babies. Babies are blind for the first ten days of their lives.

During the first few months, children rely on their mothers' milk and meat regurgitated by other family members. Children will learn to hunt on their own at the age of six months. To increase their chances of survival, older pups look after younger pups.

Jackals can live in the wild for 8 to 9 years and in captivity for up to 16 years.