Amazing Facts: Kate Winslet

Kate Winslet is an English actress.

When Kate Winslet was digitally made thinner for the cover of GQ she spoke out against it because she doesn't think stars should be so super skinny.

Her full name is Kate Elizabeth Winslet.

Kate Winslet reappeared with Leonardo DiCaprio on screen for the 2008 movie Revolutionary Road.

She was born on October 5, 1975, in Reading, Berkshire, England.

Kate won two Golden Globes in the same year, Best Supporting Actress for her role in The Reader, and Best Actress, Drama for Revolutionary Road.

Her father, Roger John Winslet, was a swimming pool contractor and her mother, Sally Anne (néeBridges), was a barmaid.

Kate and Sam separated in 2010, amicably.

She has two sisters, Beth and Anna, and one brother, Joss.

Kate won a Grammy for Best Spoken Word Album for Children.

Winslet began studying drama at the age of 11 at the Redroofs Theatre School, a co-educational independent school in Maidenhead, Berkshire.

She appeared in her first television advertisement for Sugar Puffs cereal at the age of 12.

Kate Winslet married Sam Mendes, a director, in 2003 while on holidays in the West Indies. They had a son together in 2003 named Joe Alfie Winslet-Mendes.

Over the next few years, she appeared on stage regularly and landed a few bit parts in sitcoms.

Her first big break came at age 17, when she was cast as an obsessive adolescent in Peter Jackson’s drama Heavenly Creatures (1994). The film, based on the true story of two fantasy-gripped girls whocommit a brutal murder, received modest distribution but was roundly praised by critics.

Winslet attracted even more attention with her next role in Ang Lee’s film adaptation of the Jane Austen novel Sense and Sensibility (1995). As the winsome Marianne Dashwood — the “sensibility” of the movie – Winslet earned a British Academy Award and an Oscar nomination for Best Supporting Actress.

Kate Winslet sang a song called 'What If' for the movie Christmas Carol: The Movie in 2001. It was released as single and reached the top 10 in the UK. It peaked at number 6 on the charts.

Winslet then starred in another literary adaptation, Jude (1996), which was based on Thomas Hardy’s novel Jude the Obscure (1895).

Winslet solidified her burgeoning reputation for taking period roles by portraying Ophelia in Kenneth Branagh’s production of Hamlet (1996).

The role that transformed Winslet from art house attraction to international star was Rose DeWitt Bukater, the passionate, rosy-cheeked aristocrat in James Cameron’s Titanic (1997). Young girls the world over both idolized and identified with Winslet, swooning over all that face time opposite heartthrob Leonardo DiCaprio and noting her refreshingly healthy, unemaciated physique. Winslet’s performance also garnered a Best Actress nomination, making her the youngest actress to ever receive two Academy Award nominations.

In 1998 Kate Winslet married Jim Threapleton and had a daughter together named Mia Honey before divorcing in 2001.

Following the phenomenon generated by Titanic, Winslet was eager to retreat into independent projects. Rumor has it that she turned down the lead roles in both Shakespeare in Love (1998) and Anna and the King (1999) in order to play adventurous soul searchers in Hideous Kinky (1998) and Holy Smoke (1999).

Winslet further demonstrated a tendency to choose provocative roles with Quills (2000), in which she played a laundress smuggling manuscripts written by the Marquis de Sade out of the insane asylum where he is imprisoned.

Her transformation into writer Iris Murdoch in Iris (2001) won her further accolades, including Oscar and Golden Globe nominations.

Kate Winslet was nominated for two Oscars for her role in the Titanic. She was the youngest actress to be receive two nominations.

In 2001’s Enigma, Winslet played a young woman who finds herself falling for a brilliant young World War II code breaker, played by Dougray Scott.

Also in 2001, she voiced the character Belle in the animated motion picture Christmas Carol: The Movie, based on the Charles Dickens classic novel.

Her next film role was in the 2003 drama The Life of David Gale, in which she played an ambitious journalist who interviews a death-sentenced professor, played by Kevin Spacey, in his final weeks before execution.

Kate started the year 2004 with an appearance opposite Jim Carrey in Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind which directed her to grab another nomination at Academy Awards, making her the only actress under the age of 30 to be nominated for four times in the event.

When Titanic premiered Kate Winslet was not in attendance. She was at the funeral of her former boyfriend and close friend Stephen Tredre.

Her final film in 2004 was Finding Neverland. The story of the production focused on Scottish writer J. M. Barrie (Johnny Depp) and his platonic relationship with Sylvia Llewelyn Davies (Winslet), whose sons inspired him to pen the classic play Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn’t Grow Up.

Again playing a maternal role, Winslet starred in Little Children (2006) as a frustrated suburban woman who gets involved with a married man. She earned yet another Academy Award nomination for this film.

Kate Winslet reached international fame for her role in the film Titanic by James Cameron. She has remained friends with her costar Leonardo DiCaprio since then.

She turned to lighter matters with the romantic comedy The Holiday (2006) and Flushed Away (2006), a computer-animated adventure for which she provided the voice of a rat.

In 2007, Winslet reunited with Leonardo DiCaprio to film Revolutionary Road (2008), directed by her husband at the time, Sam Mendes. Winslet was awarded a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress for her performance.

The Reader (2008) explores the relationship between a young boy and an older woman (Winslet), and their later encounter when she is put on trial for war crimes. Winslet won the Academy Award for Best Actress and the Golden Globe for Best Supporting Actress for her role.

For her role in Sense and Sensibility, Kate Winslet won a BAFTA and was also nominated for an Academy Award.

In 2011, Winslet headlined in the HBO miniseries Mildred Pierce, a small screen adaptation of James M. Cain’s 1941 novel of the same name, directed by Todd Haynes. Winslet received an Emmy Award and a Golden Globe Award for her performance.

Returning to feature films, she then appeared in Contagion (2011), as an epidemiologist analyzing the spread of a deadly virus, and in the comedy-drama Carnage (2011), as one of four parents entangled in a dispute about child rearing.

Kate Winslet was 17 when she was cast in her film, Heavenly Creatures.

She played a single mother who develops a relationship with an escaped convict in Labor Day (2013).

Winslet then appeared in Divergent (2014), Neil Burger’s film adaptation of the 2011 young adult novel by Veronica Roth. She also appeared in the sequel, The Divergent Series: Insurgent (2015).

In late 2014, Winslet appeared alongside Matthias Schoenaerts in Alan Rickman’s period drama A Little Chaos about rival landscape gardeners commissioned by Louis XIV to create a fountain at Versailles.

She appeared in Jocelyn Moorhouse’s The Dressmaker (2015) based on the novel of same name, in which she stars as a femme fatale in the title role.

In 2015 she also starred as Apple executive Joanna Hoffman in the biographical film Steve Jobs, receiving another Golden Globe for her efforts as well as the seventh Oscar nomination of her career.

Kate was 15 when she was cast in her first television series role.

Winslet then appeared as a vampy Russian mobster in the crime thriller Triple 9 (2016) and as the coworker of a grieving father in the tearjerker Collateral Beauty (2016).

Kate Winslet has been nominated for seven Academy Award nominations, eleven Golden Globe nominations and eight BAFTA nominations.

She won: one Oscar, four Golden Globes, and three BAFTA awards.

In 2012, Winslet was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) for the Birthday Honours for services to drama.

Kate Winslet has an estimated net worth of $90 million.

Kate Winslet attended a performing arts high school.

She married film director Jim Thereapleton in 1998, with whom she has a daughter, Mia (born 2000). They divorced in 2001.

Kate Winslet married Ned Rocknroll in 2012 and had her third child with him, in 2013. They named him Bear Blaze Winslet. Ned is the nephew of Richard Branson, a business mogul.

She married film director Sam Mendes in 2003, with whom she had a son Joe (born 2003). They divorced in 2011.

Kate serves as spokesperson for Lancome.

She married businessman Ned Rocknroll in 2012, with whom she had a son Bear (born 2013).

She holds a unique position in Academy Awards history: Only twice have two actresses been nominated for playing the same character in the same film. The first two were Gloria Stuart and Kate in Titanic (1997). The second two were Judi Dench and Kate in Iris (2001).

Kate is only the third person in history to win two acting Golden Globes in the same year (Best Actress, Drama for Revolutionary Road (2008) and Best Supporting Actress for The Reader (2008).

She was awarded a Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6262 Hollywood Boulevard in Hollywood, California on March 17, 2014.

Kate Winslet did a commercial for Sugar Puffs, a children's cereal, when she was 11 years old.

While being interviewed by Entertainment Tonight (1981) at the red carpet of the 2016 Golden Globes, her long-time friend Leonardo DiCaprio stated that Winslet is his favorite actress in the industry and he would love to work with her again.

For the animated motion picture Christmas Carol: The Movie, Winslet recorded the song “What If”, which was a Europe-wide top ten hit, it reached number one in Austria, Belgium and Ireland, number six on the UK Singles Chart, and won the 2002 OGAE Song Contest.

Winslet’s weight fluctuations over the years have been well documented by the media. She has been outspoken about her refusal to allow Hollywood to dictate her weight.

Winslet supports ageing naturally and has always spoken against plastic surgery and botox.

People magazine has named Kate Winslet one of the 50 Most Beautiful People in the World.

Virgin Group billionaire Richard Branson credited Kate with ‘helping to carry’ his 90-year-old mother out of his burning Caribbean-island house, where Winslet, her then-boyfriend, model Louis Dowler and her two children were staying.

Kate learned how to sew for her part in The Dressmaker (2015).

Kate Winslet was considered to play Bridget in Bridget Jones's Diary but they thought she looked too young and they cast Renee Zellweger instead.

Amazing Facts: Cobra

Cobras are highly venomous snakes famous for the threatening hood at their neck.

There are 28 species of cobras, who are regarded as “true cobras” (genus Naja).

The king cobra despite the word “cobra” in its common name, is not a member of the Naja genus (the “true cobras”).

Cobras live in Africa and Asia, preferring savannas, open woodlands, plains, rocky hillsides, forests
and farming areas.

Cobras are long lived snakes. The lifespan is from 20 to 30 years, depending on the species.

The largest true cobra species is the forest cobra (Naja melanoleuca), reaching up to 3.1 meters (10 feet) in length.

Cobras live 20 years in the wild. They might live longer in captivity.

They have excellent night vision and sense of smell, which they use to detect prey. Sense of smell is located on the tongue.

The smallest true cobra species is the Mozambique spitting cobra (Naja mossambica) which is about 1.2 meters (4 feet) long.

Cobras eat lizards, frogs, birds, mammals, fish and other snakes.

All cobras have specialized muscles and ribs in the neck that can flare out when the cobra feels threatened. Cobras are able to raise their body up, spread the hood, and hiss loudly to scare off most threats.

In addition to their trademark hoods, cobras have round pupils and smooth scales.

Cobras come in varying colors including black, dark brown, red, yellow and yellowish white.

Antidote (substance that can reverse effect of the venom) is made of the same venom that induces intoxication.

Cobras can be nocturnal or diurnal, depending on the species.

Cobras are Elapids, a type of poisonous snake with hollow fangs fixed to the top jaw at the front of
the mouth.

Females lay between 20-40 eggs. Incubation time (time until they hatch) lasts between 60-80 days.

Cobras use their forked tongue to smell prey. The tongue moves in and out, picking up odor particles from the ground and passing them over a special smelling organ in the roof of the mouth, called the Jacobson’s organ. This helps the snake sniff out its next meal.

Spitting cobras can spit their venom with incredible accuracy. They can align with predator's head and deliver venom right into eyes.

The cobra captures its prey by feeling vibrations on the ground and scoping out what’s causing the vibrations.

The cobra, like other venomous snakes, is lightning fast when it strikes.

Cobra’s venom is a neurotoxin that stops the victim’s breathing and heartbeat.

Cobras are carnivorous snakes and feed on other snakes, lizards, small mammals, birds and bird eggs. A cobra can eat almost any type of snake, including other venomous snakes.

Cobras produce large amount of venom. With just one bite, cobra can kill large elephant or 10-15 adult humans. Venomous fangs have half an inch in length.

Snake charmers in Burma use cobras to entertain audience. Cobra respond well to visual stimulus and can be "trained" to show hood when it rise from the bag. Snake charmers remove venomous teeth to prevent bites. This tradition is illegal and inhumane for snakes.

Like all snakes, a cobra’s jaws have two independent bones that are loosely attached to its skull.
This lets the snake swallow an animal that is wider than its own head.

Cobras are the only snakes that show at least some sort of parental behavior. They build nest for their eggs and guard them until they hatch.

The throat of the cobra has specially designed spikes that help it to digest its food. The spikes work to pierce the prey as it moves through the throat. When a cobra swallows an egg, the spike breaks apart the shell, allowing the yolk and egg white to slide through the rest of the digestive system, and the shell is regurgitated.

Cobras can go for days or even months without eating, depending on how large their last meal was. Their
slow metabolism makes this possible.

Cobras reproduce by laying eggs. Before female lays her eggs, she builds a nest with leaves, using her body and head to move things. Females typically lay 20 to 40 eggs at a time. Than she covers eggs with leaves, and places herself on top to incubate them until they hatch.

Cobra is famous for its hood, which is a flap of skin that can be spread when snake feels angry or threatened. Hood can scare predators and chase them away.

Wild boars and mongooses are known to steal cobra eggs.

The mongoose is the best-known enemy of the cobra. Mongooses have thick fur to protect against cobra fangs and often defeat cobras in fights using their speed and agility. They can bite the cobra’s back before the snake can defend itself. Cobras are also threatened from other snakes, a few large birds of prey like the secretary bird and humans.

They can be green, brown, dark brown in color.

Currently, the only cobra species the IUCN lists as endangered is the Fiji snake (Ogmodon vitianus) but the numbers of the other 27 species have been reduced by the loss of habitat in some parts of their range.

Cobras are very intelligent, and can learn quickly, which helps them avoid dangerous areas.

Spitting cobra refers to any one of several cobra species that have the ability to spit or spray venom from their fangs in defense. They have the ability to shoot venom from their fangs directly into the eyes of the victim with terrifying accuracy. They are the only snake in the world that can spit their venom.

Smallest species of cobra, Mozambique spitting cobra, is 4 feet long. Largest species is King Cobra. It weighs around 13 pounds and has 18 feet in length.

Some cobra species “play possum” and may pretend they are dead by convulsing and then lying completely still until the threat has passed.

Their metabolism is very slow, so they need to eat every couple of months.

The sight of a large cobra reared up in a bold warning stance is known to stop elephants in their tracks.

A group of cobra is called a quiver.

The origin of this genus name is from the Sanskrit nāga (with a hard “g”) meaning “snake”.

Group of cobras is called "quiver".

All true cobra species are capable of delivering a fatal bite to a human. But they only attacks a human if it feels threatened.

Snake charming is the practice of pretending to hypnotize a snake by playing an instrument called pungi or bansuri. The most popular species are those native to the snake charmer’s home region, typically various kinds of cobras. Many snake charmers remove the fangs or the venom sacs from their snakes, because it is too dangerous. This practice is illegal, and is considered inhumane to the snake.

It is also illegal to keep a cobra as a pet.

Like other snakes, they swallow their prey whole.

Amazing Facts: Angel Falls

Angel Falls is a waterfall in Venezuela.

The first European to reach the base of Angel Falls was Aleksandrs Laime, a Latvian explorer who arrived at the base in 1946. He was the first to clear a path from Churun River to the base of Angel Falls.

Located in the Canaima National Park, the biggest national park in Venezuela, it is the third biggest of the world and is known for its breathtaking beauty.

Disney made a movie in 2009 called UP. It was an animated movie that called the falls Paradise Falls instead of Angel Falls. The falls have also been featured in the 2015 movie Point Break and 1990s film Arachnophobia.

Angel Falls are approximately 15 times taller than Niagara Falls.

The waterfall drops over the edge of the Auyantepui mountain (Table mountain) in the Canaima National Park , a UNESCO World Heritage site in the Gran Sabana region of Bolivar State.

It is the world’s highest uninterrupted waterfall, with a height of 979 meters (3,212 ft) and a plunge of 807 meters (2,648 ft).

At the base of Angel Falls the waterfall is approximately 150 meters wide.

Some people choose to skydive off Angel Falls. Other adventure seekers hike up the mountain, sleep in hammocks, or stand at the bottom under the falls.

Angel Falls is three times as tall as Paris landmark, the Eiffel Tower.

During warmer and drier seasons, the water of Angel Falls evaporates even before it touches the ground, forming a mist.

During the rainy season they may divide into two separate waterfalls. When the water level is high it is possible to feel the spray up to a 1,5 kilometer(1 mile) away.

The waterfall has been known as the “Angel Falls” since the Mid-20th century; they are named after Jimmie Angel, a US aviator, who was the first person to fly over the falls.

Visiting Angel Falls is not easy. To get there a tourist must take a plane to Puerto Ordaz or Cuidad Bolivar and then get to the Canaima Camp where they can take a jungle river tour with an indigenous host. This tour will take you to the Angel Falls foothills. It is also possible to take a helicopter tour.

Some people believe that the first European to see Angel Falls was a Spanish explorer named Fernando de Berrio. He may have viewed the falls in the 1500s or 1600s, but there is no real proof.

During the rainy and wet seasons the waterfall sometimes splits into two waterfalls.

Returning on 9 October 1937, Angel tried to land his Flamingo monoplane El Río Caroní atop Auyan-tepui, but the plane was damaged when the wheels sank into the marshy ground. Angel and his three companions, including his wife Marie, were forced to descend the tepui on foot. It took them 11 days to make their way back to civilization by the gradually sloping back side, but news of their adventure spread and the waterfall was named Angel Falls in his honor. The name of the waterfall—”Salto Angel“—was first published on a Venezuelan government map in December 1939.

Angel’s ashes were scattered over the falls on 2 July 1960.

According to accounts of Venezuelan explorer Ernesto Sánchez La Cruz, he spotted the falls in 1912, but he did not publicize his discovery.

Venezuelan leader Hugo Chavez was promoting to change the name of the Falls to their original name given by the Pemon Indians many centuries ago, Kerepakupai Vena meaning “the deepest place waterfalls”. However, the decision has never been made official so the Falls are still known by the name of the American aviator Jimmie Angel.

Sir Walter Raleigh described what was possibly a tepuy (table top mountain), and he is said to have been the first European to view Angel Falls, although these claims are considered far-fetched.

Angel Falls are also known by local names such as ‘Big River’ and ‘Tulume Bena’.

Jimmy Angel's plane was eventually recovered from the crash site and it can now be seen at Maracay's Aviation Museum.

Tourists have only been permitted to visit Angel Falls since 1990.

Angel Falls is one the major tourist attractions in Venezuela, despite its location and difficulty to reach.

When the weather is very warm and dry, the waterfall sometimes evaporates into a mist before it reaches the bottom.

Angel Falls is one of Venezuela’s top tourist destination.

Angel Falls are best seen between the months of May and November. Between December and April, rainfall is much more infrequent and the falls all but evaporate, diminishing to a dribble.

You can hike up to the falls on foot, take a tour on boat or have a look at everything in a helicopter.

The four most beautiful waterfalls in the world are Angel Falls (South America), Niagara Falls (North America), Victoria Falls (Africa), and Iguazu Falls (South America).

Angel Falls inspired the setting of the Disney animated film Up (2009) although, in the film, the location was called Paradise Falls instead of Angel Falls. It also makes a small appearance in the Disney film Dinosaur.

At certain times when the water flowing over the falls in plentiful, it is possible to feel small water drops in the air as far as one kilometer away.

When Hugo Chavez was the leader of Venezuela he tried to have the name changed to Kerepakupai Vena but his efforts were not successful and the name is still Angel Falls.

Amazing Facts: Magnolia

Magnolia can live more than 100 years.

Magnolia is beautiful flowering plant that belongs to the family Magnoliaceae.

Magnolias are ancient plants. They exist on the planet at least 95 million years. Since they appeared before bees, magnolias slowly changed their flowers to become more attractive to bees (to ensure successful pollination).

It is named after French botanist Pierre Magnol.

Magnolias do not produce nectar. Instead, they have pollen enriched with proteins which bees use as food. Flowers release sugary scent which attracts pollinators.

There are around 210 species of magnolia that differ in size, shape, color of the flower and type of habitat.

Magnolias can be evergreen or deciduous.

Bark and flowers of magnolia are used in traditional Asian medicine. Leaves of magnolia are used for wrapping of food in Asia.

Magnolia is an ancient genus. Appearing before bees did, the flowers are theorized to have evolved to encourage pollination by beetles.

The natural range of Magnolia species is a disjunct distribution (two or more groups that are related but widely separated from each other geographically), with a main center in east and southeast Asia and a secondary center in eastern North America, Central America, the West Indies, and some species in South America.

They have been naturalized to almost all continents in the world because of their beauty.

Bees are main pollinators of magnolia.

Size of magnolia tree depends on the species. Smaller species are only 4.5 meters (15 feet) tall. Larger species can grow 25 meters (80 feet) tall and 12 meters (40 feet) wide.

Magnolia blooms from April to June. First flowers develop seven years after planting.

Magnolia has dark green, oval shaped leaves that are covered with layer of wax. They are alternately arranged on the branches. Leaves have leathery texture and entire margin.

Flower of magnolia has pleasant scent that resembles the smell of tropical fruit.

Magnolia has grey to brown bark that is smooth when the plant is young. As the plant gets older, bark turns from smooth into scaly.

Wood of magnolia is used for the production of pallets and furniture.

Magnolia produces 1 ½ to 3 inches wide flower that consists of up to 18 leathery tepals (fused petals and sepals). Flower contains both male and female reproductive organs (monoecious plant).

Magnolia flowers come in a variety of shapes, sizes and colors depending on variety. The size of magnolia flowers varies from 7.5 centimeters (3 inches) up to 30 centimeters (12 inches) across and consists of up to 18 leathery sepals and petals fused together called tepals.

Magnolia has brown or grey bark that is smooth when the plant is young. As the plant gets older, bark turns from smooth into scaly.

Color of the flower depends on the species and it can be white, yellow, pinkish, purple and green.

Color of the flower depends on the species and it can be pink, white, red, purple or yellow.

The magnolia flower has a strong, pleasant fragrance, usually smell like they have a small hint of lemon or citrus like aroma.

Magnolias bloom during the spring season.

In deciduous magnolia species flowers appearing with or before leaves.

Magnolia has dark green, oval shaped leaves that are covered with layer of wax. Leaves are evergreen and they are alternately arranged on the branches. Leaves have leathery texture and entire margin.

Magnolia flowers are protogynous, which means that the flowers first open with the female parts of the flower receptive, then close, and reopen with the male parts (stamens) ready to shed pollen. This evolutionary adaptation increases the likelihood of cross-pollination rather than selfpollination, thus widening the gene pool.

Magnolia flowers are typically pollinated by beetles. Magnolias flowers do not produce nectar but they do produce large quantities of pollen. The pollen is high in protein and the beetles use it for food. There are many different types of beetles that pollinate the various species of magnolias.

Magnolia produces cone-like fruits coming in reddish-brown; they contain red seeds in the shape of kidney. The seeds mature in the mid-end of the autumn and they are favorite food of many birds.

Size of magnolia tree depends on the species. Smaller species are only 15 feet tall. Larger species can grow 80 feet in height. Magnolia has pyramidal crown that can reach 30 to 50 feet in diameter.

The life expectancy varies among magnolia species. Most have been known to survive for 100 years or longer.

The magnolia flower meaning is attached with the symbols of nobility, perseverance, and love of nature. Soft and subtle in color yet strong in appearance, the flower is representative of the beauty encompassing femininity and gentleness. Often men prefer to gift their female partner the magnolia flowers, as an appreciation of their beauty.

The bark, and flower buds, of magnolia from Magnolia officinalis has long been used in traditional Chinese medicine.They have demonstrated anti-anxiety and anti-angiogenic properties.

In parts of Japan, the leaves of M. obovata are used for wrapping food and as cooking dishes.

Fossilised specimens of M. acuminata have been found dating to 20 million years ago, and of plants identifiably belonging to the magnolia family date to 95 million years ago.

Magnolia produces cone-like brownish fruit that can reach 2 to 10 inches in length. Kidney-shaped seed can be red, orange or pink in color. Seed of magnolia is favorite food of many birds.

The magnolia is the official state flower of both Mississippi and Louisiana. Mississippi’s nickname is the “Magnolia State.” Houston is often called “The Magnolia City” due to the numerous magnolias that grow along Buffalo Bayou.

Paul Thomas Anderson created a movie titled Magnolia.

Magnolia is resistant to most pests and diseases. Some species are prone to fungal infections. Larvae of certain insects eat different parts of magnolia tree.

Amazing Facts: Koala

Koalas are not bears. They are not placental or ‘eutherian’ mammals, but marsupials, which means that their young are born immature & they develop further in the safety of a pouch. It’s incorrect to call them ‘Koala bears’ – their correct name is simply ‘Koalas’.

Koalas measure about 60 to 85 centimeters (24 to 33 inches) long, and weigh about 14 kilograms (31 pound).

Eucalyptus leaves provide moisture and they don't have to drink water. Eucalyptus is toxic, but koala's digestive system eliminates toxins without inducing damage.

The koalas cute and cuddly looks makes them is one of the most loved marsupial mammals to people of all ages.

Koalas spend most of their time in trees. They climb using powerful limbs and sharp claws. Two fingers are separated from other fingers, which help them grab and hold branches.

Koalas have large noses that are coloured pink or black.

Koalas are the only animals, besides primates, that have fingerprints.

In the wild Koalas can live 12-14 years. But if someone is taking care of them, or if they are in captivity they can live 16-20 years.

They sleep 16-18 hours per day.

Koalas are found in the eucalyptus forests of eastern Australia. They have grey fur with a cream-coloured chest, and strong, clawed feet, perfect for living in the branches of trees!

Koalas are territorial animals. They have couple trees that are used as "homes". Area covered by these trees is called "home range".

A joey grows and develops in the pouch for about 6 months. Once strong enough, the youngster rides around on its mother’s back for a further 6 months, only using the pouch to feed.

They produce various sounds that are especially loud during mating season. They can snore and scream.

They are nocturnal animals and they eat 1.1-2.2 pounds of leaves each night.

Koala’s grow up to become big eaters, shifting up to 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds) of eucalyptus leaves in a day! They are fussy, too, and will select the most nutritious and tastiest leaves from the trees where they live.

35 days after mating, baby koala will be born. It is only 2 cm long, hairless, deaf and blind. It instinctively crawls to the mother's pouch where it will finish its development.

Koalas almost never need to drink water, getting sufficient water from the leaves they eat. In times of drought or when food is scarce, they will drink water from streams and the like, if necessary.

They have poor eyesight, but excellent sense of smell, which helps them find type of eucalyptus they like to eat.

Koalas are nocturnal marsupials famous for spending most of their lives asleep in trees. During the day they doze, tucked into forks or nooks in the trees, sleeping 18 to 20 hours.

Out of 700 different types of eucalyptus, koalas eat only 50 types.

Whenever koala communicate with each other, they are using several types of noises. They rag, and sometimes they sound like a snoring!

Koalas live between 10-14 years in the wild and over 16 years in captivity.

Koalas have a scent gland on their chest that they rub against trees to mark their territory.

Koalas only spend 15 minutes a day in social activity.

Koalas in the northern parts of Australia are smaller and have grayish fur. Those in southern parts of Australia are larger in size, have longer, brownish fur.

Koala was hunted until the 1920s, after which the Australian Government was forced to protect them. Unfortunately, many koala had been killed before, and since then have become extinct animals. Fortunately, they reproduce and are protected from hunters. However, the habitat for the koala is disappearing and they are actually endangered species.

The Eucalyptus tree is not protected and as more of these trees are cut down, the numbers of Koalas are reduced.

It is estimated that there are likely to be less than 80,000 Koalas remaining in Australia today and it could be as low as 43,000.

Koalas cannot be kept legally as pets.

Koala facts teach us that while there are more than 600 varieties of Eucalyptus available in the Koala’s habitat, the animal really loves to eat roughly 30 of these species.

Babies leave the pouch first time after 5.5 months. It will keep on coming back until it becomes too big to enter (around 8th months).

Eucalyptus is poisonous to most animals. The koala’s digestive system creates bacteria that deactivate the poison.

It is thought that koala means ‘no drink’ in some ancient aboriginal languages.

Baby koalas are called "joeys".

Like humans, koalas have fingerprints. They are the only other mammals besides primates to have them.

The brain size of modern koalas has reduced substantially from their ancestors, possibly as an adaptation to the low energy they get from their diets.

Amazing Facts: Harrison Ford

Harrison Ford is an American actor and film producer.

In 2015 Harrison Ford, a pilot, was in a plane crash when his vintage aircraft developed problems and he had to land on a golf course in California. He suffered a broken ankle and pelvis.

He was born on July 13, 1942 in Chicago, Illinois.

In 1983 while filming Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, Harrison Ford suffered a herniated disc. He returned to set six weeks later after surgery and recovery.

His parents were Dorothy (Nidelman), a radio actress, and Christopher Ford (born John William Ford), an actor turned advertising executive.

His father was of Irish and German ancestry, while his maternal grandparents were Jewish immigrants from Minsk, Belarus.

Harrison Ford has a younger brother, Terence, born in 1945.

In 1960, Ford graduated from Maine East High School in Park Ridge, Illinois. He had a good voice andthus was a regular speaker in his high school’s radio station.

Harrison Ford has been married to Calista Flockhart since 2010.

Ford attended Ripon College, Wisconsin, where he studied English and philosophy and took his first acting class. He dropped out just before graduation, and when, in 1985, the college offered him an honorary degree, he declined it.

Ford went to Los Angeles in 1964 to apply for a job in radio voice-overs. He did not get it, but stayed in California and eventually signed a $150-a-week contract with Columbia Pictures’ New Talent program, playing bit roles in films.

His first known role was an uncredited one as a bellhop in Dead Heat on a Merry-Go-Round (1966).

He was first credited as “Harrison J. Ford” in the 1967 Western film, A Time for Killing, but the “J” did not stand for anything, since he has no middle name. It was added to avoid confusion with a silent film actor also named Harrison Ford, who died in 1957.

Harrison Ford married Melissa Mathison on 1983 and had two children together.

Ford soon dropped the “J” and worked for Universal Studios, playing minor roles in many television
series throughout the late 1960s and early 1970s.

In 2000 Harrison Ford was awarded the AFI Life Achievement Award.

Not happy with the roles being offered to him, Ford became a self-taught professional carpenter to support his then-wife and two young sons.

While kept taking minor roles, he was introduced to George Lucas, a director who would later discover his talent. Ford joined him in American Graffiti (1978), a very low budgeted movie but tremendously huge in profit.

Harrison Ford was married to Mary Marquardt from 1964 until 1979, and they had two sons together.

Than Francis Ford Coppola hired Ford and gave him small roles in his next two films, The Conversation (1974) and Apocalypse Now (1979); in the latter film he played an army officer named “G. Lucas”.

In 1977, Ford collaborated with Lucas again for his breakthrough role as Han Solo in Star Wars. His portrayal of the brash but likable rogue in this science-fiction classic helped raise his profile in Hollywood. The film’s two sequels, The Empire Strikes Back (1980) and Return of the Jedi (1983), helped make him a star.

In the latter part of the 1990s Harrison Ford starred in a few movies that were not successful but his role in Air Force One propelled him to the top again.

Ford’s status as a leading actor was solidified when he starred as globe-trotting archeologist Indiana Jones in the film Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981), a collaboration between George Lucas and Steven Spielberg.

By the 1990s Harrison Ford was earning $20 million a film and 15% of the box office.

Ford went on to star in the prequel Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (1984) and the sequel Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989). He returned to the role yet again for a 1993 episode of the television series The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles, and even later for the fourth film Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull (2008).

Around the time of the first Indiana Jones installment, Ford also starred as the title character in
Ridley Scott’s cult sci-fi classic Blade Runner (1982).

Harrison Ford was cast as Indiana Jones in the Indiana Jones films - which were a huge success.

Than he starred in a number of dramatic-action films: Peter Weir’s Witness (1985) and The Mosquito Coast (1986), and Roman Polanski’s Frantic (1988). He received Academy Award and Golden Globe nominations for his role as John Book in Witness (1985).

Harrison Ford landed the role of Han Solo for the first three Star Wars movies, as well as the 2015 Star Wars: Episode VII - The Force Awakens.

The 1990s brought Ford the role of Jack Ryan in Tom Clancy’s Patriot Games (1992) and Clear and Present Danger (1994); as well as leading roles in Alan Pakula’s Presumed Innocent (1990), and The Devil’s Own (1997); Mike Nichols’ Regarding Henry (1991); Andrew Davis’ The Fugitive (1993); Sydney Pollack’s remake of Sabrina (1995); and Wolfgang Petersen’s Air Force One (1997).

Harrison Ford was a struggling actor for many years. In 1973 George Lucas cast him in American Graffiti.

Starting in the late 1990s, Ford appeared in several critically derided and commercially disappointing
movies, including Six Days, Seven Nights (1998), Random Hearts (1999), K-19: The Widowmaker (2002), Hollywood Homicide (2003), Firewall (2006) and Extraordinary Measures (2010).

In 2010 Harrison Ford received the Wright Brothers Memorial Trophy and in 2013 he was named 48 on the list of Flying Magazine's 51 Heroes of Aviation.

In 2008, Ford enjoyed success with the release of Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull, another Lucas/Spielberg collaboration. The film received generally positive reviews and was the second highest-grossing film worldwide in 2008.

In July 2011, Ford starred alongside Daniel Craig and Olivia Wilde in the science fiction Western film Cowboys & Aliens.

On February 26, 2015, Alcon Entertainment announced Ford would reprise his role as Rick Deckard in Blade Runner 2049 (2017).

Early on in his career a film executive told Harrison Ford he would never make it in the business.

Walt Disney Studios announced that Ford is scheduled to appear in a fifth Indiana Jones film due for release in 10 July, 2020.

Harrison Ford received the AFI Life Achievement Award in 2000.

In 2002, he received the Cecil B. DeMille Award at the Golden Globes.

In 2003, he received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

In 2006, he received the Jules Verne Spirit of Nature Award for his efforts related to preservation of the planet.

Harrison Ford has an estimated net worth of $210 million.

In the mid-1960s Harrison Ford worked as a contract player at Columbia and then as Universal.

Ford has two sons, Benjamin (born 1966) and Willard (born 1969), with his first wife, Mary Marquardt, to whom he was married from 1964 until their divorce in 1979. With his second wife, screenwriter Melissa Mathison, whom he married in March 1983 and from whom he was separated in August 2001 and eventually divorced, he has two more children, Malcolm and Georgia (born 1990).

Ford began dating actress Calista Flockhart after meeting at the 2002 Golden Globes, and together they are parents to her adopted son, Liam (born 2001). The couple married in 2010.

Harrison Ford lives in Los Angeles, California and Jackson, Wyoming.

He owns an 800-acre (320-hectare) ranch in Jackson, Wyoming, approximately half of which he has donated as a nature reserve.

Ford is a private pilot of both fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters.

Harrison Ford has been nominated for an Academy Award and several Golden Globe awards. He was given the Cecil B. Demille Award in 2002.

After graduating from high school in 1960 Harrison Ford studied philosophy and English and developed an interest in drama when he took a course for easy credit.

On several occasions, Ford has personally provided emergency helicopter services at the request of local authorities, in one instance rescuing a hiker overcome by dehydration.

Following on his success portraying the archaeologist Indiana Jones, Ford also plays a part in supporting the work of professional archaeologists.

Honored for his work with the environment, Ford was asked to name a current breed of butterfly. He named this after his daughter, Georgia.

While working as a carpenter, he became a stagehand for the popular rock band The Doors.

Ford ranked #1 in Empire (UK) magazine’s “The Top 100 Movie Stars of All Time” list.

He was chosen as People magazine’s Sexiest Man Alive (1998).

At one point, he was Hollywood’s best paid actor.

Harrison Ford was in a helicopter crash in 1999 while piloting over Lake Piru in California. The helicopter was damaged but Harrison and the instructor were not seriously injured.

He was listed in the 2001 Guinness Book of Records as the richest male actor.

Indiana Jones was voted the second greatest screen hero of all time by the American Film Institute, just behind Gregory Peck’s Atticus Finch in To Kill a Mockingbird (1962). Han Solo was ranked at #14.

His ex-wife, Melissa Mathison, wrote the screenplay for E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (1982).

Out of the three leads of the original Star Wars trilogy, he was the only one to appear in all three
films without ever signing a contract.

Movies that Harrison Ford is most famous for appearing in include Star Wars, Indiana Jones, Blade Runner, Patriot Games, Clear and Present Danger, Air Force One, What Lies Beneath, The Fugitive, Six Days, Seven Nights, and many more.

While filming Firewall (2006) in Vancouver, British Columbia, he was so impressed with the beauty of Bowen Island that he purchased a $13-million waterfront property.

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